Some Ultrastructural Features of the Planktonic Freshwater Ciliate Limnostrombidium viride (Alveolata, Ciliophora, Oligotrichida) and Improved Diagnoses of Oligotrich Taxa

Christian F. Bardele,

Nicole Stockmann,

Sabine Agatha

Abstrakt

The first transmission and scanning electron microscopical studies in combination with freeze-fracture technology have disclosed some important morphological and ultrastructural features in the freshwater oligotrichid Limnostrombidium viride. (I) The dikinetids (paired basal bodies) of the girdle kinety have a club-shaped cilium associated only with each left basal body. The electron-dense (paraflagellar) body on one side of its “9Í2+2”-axoneme and the regular array of intramembranous particles indicate a sensory, perhaps photoreceptor function of these club-shaped cilia. (II) The stichomonad endoral membrane is proximally covered by a cytoplasmic fold and distally by multiple membranous layers. Thus entirely covered, the endoral is probably no longer involved in food capture; none the less, its associated microtubules might stabilise the cytopharynx. (III) Instead of a contractile vacuole, a horizontal ring-canal with supposed osmoregulatory function occurs. (IV) The extrusive nature of the trichites is not only observed in electron micrographs, but the attachment sites of these organelles also display a rosette of “8+1”-particles in the P-face of freeze-fracture replicas typical for ciliate extrusomes. (V) The neoformation organelle, the subsurface tube in which stomatogenesis takes place, shows short basal bodies and normal axonemes about 1 µm long. It is accompanied by numerous membrane vesicles, which might provide membrane material for the outgrowing cilia.

Słowa kluczowe: extrusome attachment sites, neoformation organelle, non-motile endoral, ring-canal, sensory cilia
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