Eimeria spp. (Apicomplexa: Eimeriidae) in Black Caiman Melanosuchus niger (Crocodilia: Alligatoridae) from the Amazon Region, Brazil, with a Description of Two New Coccidian Species

Lúcio André Viana,

Adarene Guimarães da Silva Motta,

Marcos Eduardo Coutinho,

Carlos Frederico Duarte Rocha

Abstrakt

During November 2011, faeces from 23 black caimans (Melanosuchus niger) were collected from the Brazilian Amazon, and coccidians were found in 83% of the individuals examined. Three Eimeria species were found in the black caiman faeces, two of which were recognised as new species and are subsequently described in the present study. Eimeria paraguayensis was found in 17 of 23 animals sampled. Eimeria nigeri n. sp were found in 16/23 animals examined. Oocysts were spherical to sub-spherical, 29.2 × 28.1 (23–32 × 23–30) μm, and 12.1 × 11.0 μm spherical oocyst residuum was present. Sporocyst was ovoid, 15.5 × 9.7 (8–11 × 12–17) μm, and had a Stieda body at a slightly pointed end. The sporocyst residuum consisted of a compact mass of refractile granules. Eimeria portovelhensis n. sp. were found in 16/23 animals examined. Oocysts were spheroidal, 19.5 × 19.1 (16–21) μm, and had 9.0 × 7.8 μm spherical oocyst residuum present. The spindle-shaped sporocysts were 11.0 × 4.0 (8–13 × 2–5) μm and had two apparent Stieda bodies, one at each pole and with one filament curved at each pole. Sporocyst residuum was present, with four or five small refractile granules. The two new species are differentiated from the five species of Eimeria recorded within the crocodilian family Alligatoridae.

Słowa kluczowe: Coccidia, Amazon, crocodilian, Rondonia, Melanosuchus

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