Du héros à la victime : l’apocalypse selon Michel Houellebecq

Katarzyna Thiel-Jańczuk

Abstrakt

The paper proposes an interpretati on of Michel Houellebecq’s work in the perspecti ve of heroism and victi mizati on, two fundamental, according to J.-M. Apostolidès, categories of the western civilizati on. Referring those categories to Houellebecq’s discussion with contemporary individualism and its crisis, announced by the French intellectualists and called penseurs’68 by L. Ferry and A. Renaut, the author of the paper shows the presence of post-heroic utopias which are manifestati ons of humanism reduced to individual and trivial happiness in Houellebecq’s work. In this context, Houellebecq’s work appears to be a form of resistance against the fall of the great heroic traditi on. Heroism and victi mizati on enable to associate Houellebecq’s work with the
predicament of the retour du sujet (return of the subject) through an ethic of the sacrifi ce as well as a game with Roland Barthes’ concept of the death of the author.

Słowa kluczowe: heroism, victimization, post-heroic utopias, minor heroism, return Katarzyna Thiel-
References

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Pierwotną formą czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna.