The role of green in spatial composition of contemporary urban solutions.

Katarzyna Pluta


Contemporary dynamic processes of transformation of city form, especially public spaces, contribute to create solutions, which at present belong to future, because of many features: expressive identity, durability and simultaneously functional flexibility. Important component of public spaces is green, which according to principles of sustainable development should be treated in the same way as built environment. According to this assumption there are required various researches concerning every kind of green form in cities, especially analysis of spatial composition of urban complexes. The paper presents contemporary town planning solutions in European cities (mostly public spaces), which are outstanding examples of application of basic green spatial elements in urban composition.

Słowa kluczowe: green, urban composition, public space

Baumeister N., New Landscape Architecture, Verlagshaus Braun, Berlin 2007.

French Urban Strategies, Éditions du Moniteur, Paris 2002.

Gaventa S., New Public Spaces, Mitchell Beazley, Octopus Publishing Group, London 2006.

Gehl J., Gemzøe L., New city spaces, The Danish Architectural Press, Copenhagen 2001.

Hamburg: Parks and Squares for the Developing City, Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, State Ministry for Urban Development and Environment (BSU), jovis Verlag GmbH, 2008.

1000 × Landscape Architecture, Verlagshaus Braun, 2009.

Orzeszek-Gajewska B., Kształtowanie terenów zieleni w miastach, PWN, Warszawa 1984.

Pluta K., Przestrzenie Publiczne Miast Europejskich. Projektowanie Urbanistyczne, Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Warszawskiej, Warszawa 2012.

Reed P., Groundswell, constructing the contemporary landscape, The Museum of Modern Art, New York 2005.

Spens M., Modern Landscapes, Phaidon, Londyn 2003.

Wejchert K., Elementy Kompozycji Urbanistycznej, Arkady, Warszawa 1984.

Zachariasz A., Zieleń jako współczesny czynnik miastotwórczy ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem roli parków publicznych, Monografia 336, Politechnika Krakowska, Kraków 2006.

Zöch P., Loschwit R., European Landscape Architecture, Edition Topos, Callwey Verlag, München 2007.