Contemporary architecture of Lebanon

Kazimierz Butelski

Abstrakt

The paper presents selected issues on architecture in Lebanon during the 60 years of existence this State starting from 1943. The outstanding Polish modernist architect Charles Schayer, was very important person for shaping the architectural identity in Lebanon, we presented one of his works – Dar Al Sayad building from 1954. The Cathedral in Harrisa by Pierre El Khoury, Mohammad Al Amin Mosque in Beirut by Azmi Fakhuri and Resistance Museum in Mleeta, are characteristic public buildings for 3 major Lebanese religious groups: Maronite, Sunni and Shiite. The Reconstruction of downtown Beirut after the civil war in the years 1975–1990 and the role of the company Solidere in this endeavor, is shown in the following part of the work. It presents for example design of the New Beirut Souks by Rafael Moneo, the work of sculptors and landscape architects such as Xavier Corbero and Vladimir Djurovic, as well as a discussion related to the recent execution of Steven Holl design called Zaitunay Bay and its impact on designed in the 30’s of the XX century, the Hotel St. Georges designed by August Perret. Next on selected examples of Zaha Hadid designs and Bernard Khoury presents the architecture of the Christian East Beirut and Muslim West Beirut. Finally at the end of the work presents the realization Fair in Tripoli called Rashid Karami designed by Oscar Niemeyer and architectural experimentation in the region of Mount Lebanon.

Słowa kluczowe: contemporary architecture of Lebanon, cathedral in Harrisa, Mosque Mohammad Al-Amin in Beirut, Museum of Resistance in Mleeta, Dar Al Sayad building in Beirut, rebuilding the centre of Beirut, St. Georges Hotel in Beirut, Tripoli fair, Karol Schayer, Pier
References

Arbid G. (słowo wstępne), Pierre El Khoury Architecture 1959–1999, Editions Dar An-Nahar, Bejrut 2000.

Butelski K., Trzy razy ukryte i trzy razy odkryte – sposoby poszukiwania piękna w projektach Bernarda Khoury, Czasopismo Techniczne, z. 6-A/2007, Wydawnictwo Politechniki Krakowskiej, Kraków 2007, 88-192.

Butelski K., Architektura w hibernacji – Międzynarodowe Centrum Wystawiennicze w Trypolisie, Oscar Niemeyer, Północny Liban, Czasopismo Techniczne, z. 4-A2/2011, Wydawnictwo Politechniki Krakowskiej, Kraków 2011, 58-62.

H addad E., Between Myth and Reality: the ‘Tuscan Influence’ on the Architecture of Mount Lebanon, Journal of Design History, 2007, 161-171.

Corm G., Bliski Wschód w ogniu Oblicza konfliktu 1956–2003, Dialog, Warszawa 2003.

Y acoube G., A dictionary of 20th century architecture in Lebanon, Alphamedia, Beirut 2004.

Bejrut historia www.lebanon.com/construction/beirut/pathstohistory.htm

Bejrut Solidere – Société libanaise pour le développement et la reconstruction de Beyrouth www.solidere.com.lb

Bejrut zielona linia www.almashriq.hiof.no/lebanon/900/910/919/beirut/greenline/index.html

Bernard Khoury www.bernardkhoury.com