Rosarium in l’Hay-les-Roses – testimony of the contemporary standing of rose gardens from the late 19th and early 20th century

Marzena Jeleniewska

Abstrakt

Since the Middle Ages, the name rose gardens has been used in reference to gardens where roses were grown. However, they began to thrive at the turn of the 19th century when rose growing developed significantly, and as a result many new rose varieties were created. These began to be widely introduced into gardens. Usually they were found in public gardens and parks. Roses were exhibited due to the variety of their forms and the habit of the shrubs as well as the colour and scent of the flowers. The first rosariums were established in France and Germany. One of the most important examples of horticultural art is the oldest rosarium Roseraie du Val-de-Marne in l’Hay-les-Roses near Paris. It was designed by Édouard André and commissioned by Jules Gravereaux, who was a great lover of roses. It was a breakthrough moment in the history of gardens, because a garden dedicated chiefly to roses was established.

Słowa kluczowe: rose, history of the use of rose, Rose garden, l’Hay-les-Roses, roses competitions
References

Bernatt S., Ogrody różane wczoraj i dziś, Rocznik Polskiego Towarzystwa Miłośników Róż, PWRiL, Warszawa 1967.

Böhm A., Zachariasz A., Architektura krajobrazu i sztuka ogrodowa. Ilustrowany słownik angielskopolski, Warszawa 2000.

Courty-Schnapp er M., La Roseraie Departementale a l’Hay-les-Roses. Sa gestion – son avenir, Direction Des Espaces Verts Départementaux S.G.A. – S.G.O, La Roseraie Departementale.

Gottschalk W., Poradnik dla miłośników róż, PWRiL, Warszawa 1991.

Hobh ouse P., Historia ogrodów, Arkady, Warszawa 2005.

Hobh ouse P., Plants in garden history, Pavilion, London 1991.

Jeleniewska M., Urbański P., Ogrody różane w krajobrazie wybranych miast na świecie, [in:]  Planowanie krajobrazu. Wybrane zagadnienia, Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczego w Lublinie, Lublin 2013.

Kobielus S., Florarium christianum. Symbolika roślin – chrześcijańska starożytność i średniowiecze, Wydawnictwo Benedyktynów, Kraków 2006.

Kopaliński W., Słownik symboli, Wiedza Powszechna, Warszawa 1990.

Kopaliński W., Słownik mitów i tradycji kultury, Państwowy Instytut Wydawniczy, Warszawa 1988.

Mailliet L., Memoires de Roses. La Roseraie de Jules Gravereaux 1894–1916, S.C.I.I., Paris 1994.

Majdecki L., Historia ogrodów, vol. II, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa 2008.

Markley R., Róże. Poradnik praktyczny, Diogenes, Warszawa 2000.

Siewniak M., Mitkowska A., Tezaurus sztuki ogrodowej, Rytm, Warszawa 1998.

Toletanus H., De corona Virginis, Tabulas ex MGS Privata Bibl Administator Ipse Exquisivit, Patrologia Latina 96, 302.

Vecera L., Mały atlas róż, PWRiL, Warszawa 1974.

Wiśniewska-Grzeszkiewicz H., Róże w ogrodzie, Multico, Warszawa 2009.