The possibility of using PCM impregnated gipsum boards of different temperature phase change

Katarzyna Nowak,

Anna Zastawna-Rumin


The paper presents results of experimental studies on components containing phase change materials. The subject of research was the simultaneous usage of two different PC materials: gypsum-carton boards with paraffin capsules of change temperature 23ºC and a board with a melting temperature of 26ºC. The tests were carried out in a climatic chamber for a light skeleton wall lined with inner facing consisting of a traditional gypsum-carton and a layer of PCM board. Measurements of temperature course were taken as well as heat flux density distribution on the surfaces of the boards for variable conditions in the climatic chamber. The results presented in the article are one of the aspects of widely planned and realized measurements aimed at evaluating and choosing the optimal material solutions, using available phase change materials.

Słowa kluczowe: phase change material, PCM, heat capacity, heat accumulation

Wnuk R., Jaworski M., Badania charakterystyk cieplnych elementów budowlanych akumulujących ciepło zawierających materiały PCM (Phase Change Materials), Polska Energetyka Słoneczna 2, 4/2010, 1/2011, 5-11.

Wnuk R., Magazynowanie ciepła, pozyskanego z energii promieniowania słonecznego, z wykorzystaniem materiałów fazowo-zmiennych, w budownictwie, II Konferencja SOLINA 2008, Innowacyjne Rozwiązania Materiały i Technologie dla Budownictwa.

Soares N., Costab J.J., Gasparb A.R., Santosc P., Review of passive PCM latent heat thermal energy storage systems towards buildings’ energy efficiency, Energy and Buildings 59, 2013, 82-103.

Wnuk R., Bilans energetyczny pomieszczenia ze strukturalnym, funkcjonującym w cyklu dobowym, magazynem ciepła z materiałem fazowo-zmiennym, Czasopismo Techniczne, 1-B/2009, 269-277.

Berrouga F., Lakhala E.K., Omaria M.El, Faraji M., Qarniac H.El, Thermal performance of a greenhouse with a phase change material north wall, Energy and Buildings 43, 2011, 3027-3035.

Peippo K., Kauranen P., Lund P.D., Multicomponent PCM wall optimized for passive solar heating. Energy Build, 17(4), 1991, 259-70.

Kuznik F., David D., Johannes K., Roux J., A review on phase change materials integrated in building walls, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15, 2011, 379-391.

Neeper D.A., Thermal dynamics of wallboard with latent heat storage, Solar Energy, 68(5), USA 2000, 393-403.

Heim D., Clarke JA., Numerical modelling and thermal simulation of PCM–gypsum composites with ESP-r, Energy Build, 36(8), UK 2004, 795-805.

Jiang F., Wang X., Zhang Y., A new method to estimate optimal phase change material characteristics in a passive solar room, Energy Conversion and Management 52, 2011, 2437-2441.

Chwieduk D., Wybrane aspekty stosowania materiałów zmiennofazowych w przegrodach zewnętrznych w polskich warunkach klimatycznych, Zeszyty Naukowe Politechniki Rzeszowskiej, Budownictwo i Inżynieria Środowiska, z. 59, 2/2012/II.

Scalat S., Banu D., Hawes D., Paris J., Haghighata F., Feldman D., Full scale thermal testing of latent heat storage in wallboard, Solar Energy Materials and SolarCells, 44 (1), 1996, 49-61.

Kooa J., Sob H., Honga S.W., Honga H., Effects of wallboard design parameters on the thermal storage in buildings, Energy and Buildings 43, 2011, 1947-1951.

Soaresa N., Costab J.J., Gasparb A.R., Santosc P., Review of passive PCM latent heat thermal energy storage systems towards buildings’ energy efficiency, Energy and Buildings 59, 2013, 82-103.

Zalba B., Marin J.M., Cabeza L.F., Mehling H., Review on thermal energy storage with phase change materials, heat transfer analysis and applications, Applied Thermal Engineering 23, 2003, 251-283.

Sharma A., Tyagi V.V., Chen C.R., Buddhi D., Review on thermal energy storage with phase change materials and applications, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 13, 2009, 318-345.

Kosny J., Kossecka E., Brzeziński A., Theoubaer A., Yarbrough D., Dynamic thermal performance analysis of fiber insulations containing bio-based chase change materials (PCMs), Energy and Buildings 52, 2012, 122-131.

Shukla N., Fallahi A., Kosny J., Performance characterization of PCM impregnated gypsum board for building applications, Energy Procedia 30, 2012, 370-379.

Kosny J., Yarbrough D., Miller W., Petric T., Childs P., Mohiuddin Syed A., PCM-Enhanced Building Envelopes in Current ORNL Research Project.