Sektor węglowy Unii Europejskiej na początku XXI wieku – import zamiast wydobycia?

Maciej Kaliski,

Miłosz Karpiński,

Marian Turek

Abstrakt

Coal sector in the European Union at the beginning of 21st century – imports displacing production?

One of the most important dilemmas faced by the European Union is the decision on the scale of using fossil fuels – in particular coal, in covering the demand for energy. Currently, there are numerous discussions concerning the restriction of the use of this energy carrier by the EU countries, which, as a result, is to reduce air pollution on a global scale. The article presents the use of energy carriers in particu-lar regions of the World and forecasts regarding the use, in particular of coal in the period up to 2040, and the possible impact of the EU on reducing CO2 emissions as a result of abandonment of coal. The results of actions undertaken by EU co-untries in the area of limiting the use of coal were presented. The authors also draw attention to the issue of energy security in the context of a steady increase in the import of energy carriers, in particular coal.

Słowa kluczowe: coal, energy security, energy balances
References

[1] BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2017 (2017), BP p.l.c., London, https://www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/energy-economics/statistical-review-of-world-energy/downloads.html

[2] World Enegy Outlook 2017 (2017), The International Energy Agency,Paris, http://www.iea.org/media/weowebsite/2017/Chap1_WEO2017.pdf

[3] Market Report Series: Coal 2017. Analysis and Forecasts to 2022  (2017), The Inter-national Energy Agency, Paris

[4] Renewables 2017 (2017), The International Energy Agency, Paris, https://www.iea.org/publications/renewables2017/

[5] Eurostat, Energy balances, http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/energy/data/energy-balances
 

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