Inchatoshi, ivenki, ivinishi – rośliny z lasu i ogrodu. Wprowadzenie do problematyki badań z zakresu etnobotaniki medycznej wśród Indian Asháninka z Amazonii peruwiańskiej

Monika Kujawska,

Joanna Sosnowska

Abstrakt

Asháninka indigenous people from the Tambo river region in Peruvian Amazon are the largest group of the Arawak linguistic family in Peru. They are renowned for their long trajectory of horticulture and their preference to settle along big navigable rivers. Nowadays, these peoples dedicate themselves to subsistence agriculture and fishing complemented with cash crop growing, such as cocoa and coffee. In this article we display methodological considerations in conducting ethnobotanical studies among indigenous groups of the Amazon. We also present preliminary results from our fieldwork among Asháninka people done in 2016. We put the emphasis on medicinal plant use in  the whole spectrum of ethnomedical practices among the study community. The special classificatory categories evoked here are plants from the forest (inchatoshi) and plants from the garden (ivenki, ivinishi).

Słowa kluczowe: Arawak linguistic family, ethnomedicine, free listing
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