The “Far Eastern Hectare” federal act as the means of reducing the decline in the population of the Far Eastern Federal District of the Russian Federation

Georgii Sibirtsev

Abstrakt

For a long time, one of the main problems in modern Russia has been the decline in population of the Far Eastern Federal District (FEFD).
Despite the fact that the Far Eastern Federal District is the largest federal district of the Russian Federation (its area is 6,169,329 square kilometers, accounting for 36.08% of the area of the whole country), it’s also the most poorly populated federal district of the country (a population of 1,946,969 people, that is only 1.2 people per square kilometer). What makes it the most sparsely populated federal district. However, the socio-economic changes of the 1990s have significantly changed the dynamics, directions and scope of migration flows in the far East, and most importantly – the motivation of migratory behavior. Natural losses of demographic potential was amplified by the significant outflow of the population, which not only reduced the level of the population, but have significantly reduced the share of the region in the total population of Russia (1989 to 5.4% in 1997 to 5% in 2007 to 4.6%).