Motywy i uwarunkowania chińskich bezpośrednich inwestycji zagranicznych w Afryce

Przemysław Wysiński

Abstrakt

Terms and conditions of Chinese foreign direct investment in Africa

China’s growing involvement in sub-Saharan Africa continues to attract interest from researchers and the public. The purpose of this article is to present the motives and conditions of Chinese foreign direct investment in Africa in relation to the most important theories of FDI placement. It has been hypothesized that the main motive of Chinese FDI in Africa is the search for resources. Descriptive, analytical and literature studies were used in the research work. As a conclusion, it appears that China’s activity in Africa is particularly strongly manifested in the sub-Saharan part – rich in raw materials, where China takes advantage of the absence of Western concerns. For China, African raw materials and investments in the energy sector are important elements on which the country’s further economic development
depends, but the share of Chinese FDI in other sectors such as construction and financial services is also growing. This leads to the conclusion that although security of resources is an important issue for China, Beijing’s approach to Africa seems to be much broader than
is commonly thought. Africa is a growing market and provides Chinese companies with greater opportunities to gain experience not only in the field of raw material extraction, but also in other market segments. Africa also has agricultural potential that can be used to improve food security.