Particular Type of Property Restitution after World War II – German Military Exercise Areas on the Territory of the ex-Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia

Václav Valeš

Abstrakt

The article describes the restitution process that took place after 1945 in Czechoslovakia in relation to the property occupied in 1939-1945 in the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia for the creation of German military exercise areas. They were supposed to be used for the Germanization of the Czech lands. To create these spaces, the Nazis abused the legal order of the Czechoslovak Republic from 1918 to 1938. The restitution process subject to this territory after 1945 was governed by the separate Directive of the Settlement Office and the National Renewal Fund of 2 December 1947. It was generally based on the principles contained in the Act No. 128/1946 Coll., on the invalidity of certain property-right acts from the time of oppression and of some other intervention into property-rights, as amended by the Act No. 79/1948 Coll. This directive was, generally speaking, more favorable to restituents than analogous legal regulations. Attention is paid not only to the content of the Directive of 2 December 1947 and related legislation, but also to its application from the end of World War II to the present. The article also refers to the professional literature, which was devoted to the topic.

Słowa kluczowe: Czechoslovakia, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, German military training grounds, restitution, land law, National Recovery Fund

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