Linguistic profi les: A quantitative approach to theoretical questions

Laura A. Janda

Abstrakt

A major challenge in linguistics today is to take advantage of the data and sophisticated analytical tools available to us in the service of questions that are both theoretically interesting and practically useful. I offer linguistic profi les as one way to join theoretical insight to empirical research. Linguistic profiles are a more narrowly targeted type of behavioral profiling, focusing on a specific factor and how it is distributed across language forms. I present case studies using Russian data and illustrating three types of linguistic profiling analyses: grammatical profiles, semantic profiles, and constructional profi es. In connection with each case study I identify theoretical issues and show how they can be operationalized by means of profiles. The findings represent real gains in our understanding of Russian grammar that can also be utilized in both pedagogical and computational applications.

Słowa kluczowe: cognitive linguistics, linguistic profi les, statistical analysis, theoretical linguistics
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