Linguistic profi les: A quantitative approach to theoretical questions

Laura A. Janda


A major challenge in linguistics today is to take advantage of the data and sophisticated
analytical tools available to us in the service of questions that are both theoretically interesting
and practically useful. I offer linguistic profi les as one way to join theoretical insight
to empirical research. Linguistic profi les are a more narrowly targeted type of behavioral
profi ling, focusing on a specifi c factor and how it is distributed across language forms.
I present case studies using Russian data and illustrating three types of linguistic profi ling
analyses: grammatical profi les, semantic profi les, and constructional profi les. In connection
with each case study I identify theoretical issues and show how they can be operationalized
by means of profi les. The fi ndings represent real gains in our understanding of Russian
grammar that can also be utilized in both pedagogical and computational applications.

Słowa kluczowe: cognitive linguistics, linguistic profi les, statistical analysis, theoretical linguistics

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