Экспериментальное исследование анафоры. Методологические проблемы в кросслингвистических исследованиях

Veronika K. (Вероника Константиновна) Prokopenya (Прокопеня)

Abstrakt

This paper is a cross-linguistic study of pronoun interpretation in various syntactic construction
across three groups of language speakers: non-brain-damaged adults, children
(age 4–5), and agrammatic aphasic patients. Using the obtained experimental results as
a tool, and comparing data from different languages, we managed to determine the main
principles responsible for pronoun interpretation which are consistent with the Primitives
of Binding framework. This theory combines the modular approach to the language system
with the economy principle in the process of reference assignment. Special attention is
paid to methodological questions, especially to procedure choice and stimuli adaptation.

Słowa kluczowe: кросслингвистические исследования, анафора, референция, ие- рархия экономичности, интерпретация личных местоимений, афазии Брока
References

Прокопеня В. К., 2014, Некоторые особенности референциального развития детей
раннего возраста [в:] Шестая международная конференция по когнитивной науке.
Тезисы докладов, с. 741–742.
Прокопеня В. К., Храковская М. Г., Черниговская Т. В., 2008, Некоторые факты
взаимосвязи процессов усвоения и утраты языка. Экспериментальное исследование
анафорических отношений местоимений в русском языке, Вестник Санкт-
Петербургского государственного университета, серия 9, с. 82–97.
Chomsky N., 1995, The Minimalist Program, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Chomsky N., 2000, Minimalist inquiries: The framework [в:] R. Martin, D. Michaels,
J. Uriagereka (eds.), Step by step: Essays on minimalist syntax in honor of Howard
Lasnik, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, с. 89–155.
Crain S., Thornton R., 1998, Investigations in Universal Grammar. A guide to experiments
on the acquisition of syntax and semantics, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
Philip W., Coopmans P., 1996, The role of lexical feature acquisition in the development
of pronominal anaphora [в:] W. Philip, F. Wijnen (eds.), Amsterdam Series on Child
Language Development, vol. 5, Amsterdam: Instituut Algemene Taalwerenschap 68.
Prokopenya V., Chernigovskaya T., Grammar and information structure infl uence on
anaphora resolution: evidence from Russian (в печати).
Reuland E., 2001, Primitives of binding, Linguistic Inquiry, 32, с. 439–492.
Rohde H., Kehler A., 2014, Grammatical and information-structural infl uences on pronoun
production, Language, Cognition, and Neuroscience, Special Issue on Production of
Referring Expressions: Models and Empirical Data, с. 912–927.
Ruigendijk E., Baauw S., Zuckerman S., Vasic N., 2011, A cross-linguistic study on
the interpretation of pronouns by children and agrammatic speakers: Evidence from
Dutch, Spanish and Italian [в:] E. Gibson, N. J. Pearlmutter (eds.), The Processing and
Acquisition of Reference, Cambridge MA – London: MIT Press.
Sheldon A., 1974, Role of parallel function in acquisition of relative clauses in English,
Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 13, с. 272–281.
Zuckerman S., Vasic N., Ruigendijk E., Avrutin S., 2002, Experimental evidence for the
subject rule [в:] Y. F. Falk (ed.), Proceedings of IATL 18, http://atar.mscc.huji.ac.il/~english/
IATL/18/TOC.html; дата обращения: 30.11.2014.