The Ancestors of the Ixil Maya of Guatemala: oral tradition and the pre-Columbian sites in Ilom

Monika Banach

Abstrakt
The article is a brief reflection on the oral traditions of the Ixil Maya of the highlands of Guatemala, which concern in particular the supernatural beings that are believed to inhabit the pre-Columbian remains located in the sacred place of B’ayal I’ (‘Xacbal’ archaeological site) close to the contemporary indigenous community of Ilom in the municipality of Chajul. It aims to show how the inhabitants of Ilom imagine, verbalize and perform their bonds with the remains of the people they call the Grandfathers, what is left of the time they lived in the vicinity of where their descendants live right now, and what it means for them to co-habit their ancestral lands. The article is based on selected historical sources and materials from the fieldwork conducted in the Ixil Region between 2013–17.
Słowa kluczowe: Ixil Maya, Ilom, oral traditions, sacred landscape, creation myth
References
1. Batz G., The Fourth Invasion: Development, Ixil-Maya Resistance, and the Struggle against Megaprojects in Guatemala, Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, 2017.
2. Becquelin P., Breton A., and Gervais, V. Arqueología de la Regíon de Nebaj, Guatemala. Cuadernos de Estudios Guatemaltecos, Centro Francès de Estudios Mexicanos y Centroamericanos, Escuela de Historia USAC, Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores de Francia (CCCAC), Mexico and Guatemala 2001, Vol. 5.
3. Carmack R. M., The Quiché Mayas of Utatlán, The Evolution of a Highland Guatemala Kingdom. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman 1981.
4. Christenson A. J., Popol Vuh. Sacred Book of the Quiché Maya People, Mesoweb Publications, 2007, [www 01] (access: 15.07.2017).
5. Colby B. N., and L. M. Colby. El Contador de Los Dias. Vida Y Discurso de un Adivino Ixil, Fondo de Cultura Económica, Mexico1981.
6. de Vos J., La Paz de Dios y Del Rey. La Conquista de La Selva Lacandona (1525-1821), Fondo de Cultura Económica, Mexico 1988.
7. Elliott E. D., Gaspar Ilom : Maya Resistance to the Western Ideology of Nature, MA Dissertation, University of San Diego, 1998.
8. Gossen G. H., Chamulas in the World of the Sun, Harvard University Press, Cambridge 1974.
9. Hermes B., and J. L. Velásquez, Analisis de La Cerámica Arqueológica de Xacbal, Chajul, Quiché: Períodos Preclásico Y Clásico Temprano, ”Contributions in New World Archaeology” 6 (2014), pp. 111–34.
10. Knowlton, T., Maya Creation Myths, University Press of Colorado, Colorado 2017.
11. La Farge, O. and Douglas B., El Pueblo del Cargador del Año. Yax Te’ Foundation, South Woodstock, VT: Plumsock Mesoamerican Studies, Rancho Palos Verdes, CA 1997.
12. Lévi-Strauss C., The Culinary Triangle, [in:] Counihan, C. and Van Esterik P. Food and Culture: a Reader, Routledge, London 2008, p. 36–43.
13. Lincoln J. S., Ethnological Study on the Ixil Indians, microfilm (positive) copy of typescript, University of Chicago Library, Chicago 1945.
14. Tedlock D., Creation in the Popol Vuh: A Hermeneutical Approach, [in:] Gossen G., Symbol and Meaning Beyond the Closed Community - Essays Un Mesoamerican Ideas, Institute of Mesoamerican Studies, New York 1986, p. 77–82.
15. Thompson J. E. S., Maya History and Religion, University of Oklahoma Press, Norman 1976.
16. Thompson J. E. S., Sixteenth and Seventeenth Century Reports on the Chol Mayas, ”American Anthropologist” 40, 4 (1938), pp. 584–604.
 
Internet sources utilised: [www 01] https://mesoweb.com/publications/Christenson/PopolVuh.pdf

Czasopismo ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line.
Pierwotną formą czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna.