Stronghold Cities. Dystopian Fears in Utopian Asylums in Audiovisual Narratives

Ksenia Olkusz

Abstrakt
In the past few years there has been a growing interest in depicting permanently sieged strongholds, secluded last stands, or quarantined asylums within a post-apocalyptic world so as to strengthen the sense of the ultimate isolation and disconnection from the desolated world outside. The majority of those narratives share a similar world-model, featuring an over-crowded, fortified refuge and its ruler turning a utopian sanctuary into a dystopian confinement. This means that the society in such a world faces two actual threats: one imminent, be it a zombie apocalypse, bands of scavengers, or epidemic that forces people to take refuge – and the other one, concealed, which reveals itself when everything seems to be under control.
Słowa kluczowe: dystopia, game, movie, narrative, utopia
References
1. Argyle M., Psychology and Religion: An Introduction, Routledge, London, 2002.
2. Beit-Hallahmi B., Argyle M., The Psychology of Religious Behaviour, Belief and Experience, Routledge, London, 1997.
3. Bordens K. S., Horowitz I. A., Social Psychology, Mahwah, N.J. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates New Jersey, 2002.
4. Gabay J., Brand Psychology: Consumer Perceptions, Corporate Reputations, Kogan Page, London, 2015.
5. Platts T. K., Locating Zombies in the Sociology of Popular Culture, “Sociology Compass”, 2013, no 7, pp. 547–560.
6. Stout M., The Sociopath Next Door, Tantor Medi, Old Saybrook, 2005.
7. Tangney J. P., Blalock D. V., Folk J. B., Stuewig J., Evil Persons or Evil Deeds? What we’ve Learned about Incarcerated Offenders [in:] The Social Psychology of Good and Evil, A. G. Miller (ed.), Guilford Press, New York, 2004, pp. 298–321.
8. Round J., The Horror of Humanity [in:] The Walking Dead and Philosophy: Zombie Apocalypse Now, W. Yuen (ed.), Open Court, Chicago, 2012, pp. 155–166. 
9. Standley F., Ever “More”: Utopian and Dystopian Visions of the Future 1890–1990 [in:] More’s Utopia and Utopian Inheritance, A. D. Cousins, Damian Grace (ed.), University Press of America, Lanham 1995, pp. 119–136.
10. Yuen W., Philosophy for the Dead [in:] The Walking Dead and Philosophy: Zombie Apocalypse Now, W. Yuen (ed.), Open Court, Chicago, 2012, pp. XII–XV.
 
Internet sources used:
[www 01] http://masseffect.wikia.com/wiki/Cerberus (access: 30.11. 2015). PJAC New

Czasopismo ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line.
Pierwotną formą czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna.