The viticultural landscape: An inspiration for artistic self-expression

Olga Harea,

Mariann Simon

Abstrakt

Global trends in the revaluation of wine culture and the importance of viticultural landscapes have led to a new era of wine architecture which celebrates its relationship with the landscape; a new era where the philosophy of considerateness and ‘fit into the character of the landscape’ or “adaptation to the existing landscape” has top priority. The main focus of our research is to analyse if this new trend – “the quest for integration of architecture into the landscape” – is valid in each case. To perform this study, three recently built examples of remarkable wine architecture were selected; these are owned by prominent entrepreneurs and designed by three world-famous designers and located in the same, valuable and protected viticultural landscape. The research goal is to discover how the professional, highly commended architects faced this challenge. Did they intend to subordinate the wineries within the landscape or did they intend to make a contrast and mark the territory in order to represent their personal artistic style as a brand? Did they treat the surrounding viticultural landscape as inspiration for their architectural concepts or as a background? Are these new wineries a part of the surrounding landscape or are these distinct and separate objects from it?

Streszczenie

Krajobrazy winiarskie: inspiracja do artystycznego wyrazu
Globalne trendy w rewaloryzacji kultury winiarskiej i znaczenie krajobrazów winiarskich doprowadziły do nowej ery architektury winnic, która świętuje swój związek z architekturą krajobrazu, ery, w której najwyższy priorytet ma filozofia uważności i „pasowania lub adaptacji do charakteru istniejącego krajobrazu”. Do badań nad tym zagadnieniem wybrano trzy niedawno zbudowane winnice, będące własnością wybitnych przedsiębiorców, zaprojektowane przez trzech światowej sławy projektantów, znajdujące się w tym samym cennym i chronionym krajobrazie winiarskim. Celem badań jest odkrycie, w jaki sposób profesjonalni, wysoko cenieni architekci sprostali temu wyzwaniu. Czy otaczający krajobraz winiarski był inspiracją dla koncepcji architektonicznych? Czy wybrane winnice są częścią otaczającego krajobrazu, czy też są to odrębne i oddzielne obiekty?

Słowa kluczowe: krajobraz winiarski, krajobraz kulturowy, współczesna architektura winnic, viticultural landscape, cultural landscape, contemporary wine architecture
References

Archello.com, Château Faugères: Cathedral with Cellar, https://archello.com/project/chateau--faugeres (accessed: 09.04.2019).

Bahna J.M., Winery Architecture. Die Architektur Des Weines, [in:] Architecture and Wine in Central Europe. Architektur und Wein in Mitteleuropa, D. Merta (ed.), Galerie Jaroslava Fragnera and Architectura, 2013, 20–31.

Betsky A., Landscrapers: Building with the Land, Thomas and Hudson Inc., New York 2002.

Biagioli G., Prats M. and Bender J., ViTour Landscape: European Guidelines for wine cultural landscape preservation and enhancement, Italy 2012.

Casamonti M., Wineries: from parts of buildings to portions of the landscape, AREA: Rivista internazionale di architettura e arti del progetto, 19 September 2014, https://www.area-arch.it/en/wineries-from-parts-of-buildings-to-portions-of-the-landscape/ (accessed: 09.04.2019).

Cessnock City Council, The Cessnock development control plan, Part E.3: Vineyards District, 2006.

Corner J., Terra Fluxus, [in:] The Landscape Urbanism Reader, C. Waldheim (ed.), Princeton Architectural Press, New York 2006, 021–033.

Fontevraud International Charter, Protection, management and development of vine and wine landscapes: Instructions for Application to Membership of the Fontevraud International Charter, 2012, 4, www.charte-de-fontevraud.org (accessed: 09.04.2019).

GreatWineCapitals.com, Architectural innovation in Bordeaux vineyards, http://www.greatwinecapitals.com/news/architectural-innovation-in-bordeaux-vineyards (accessed: 09.04.2019).

GreatWineCapitals.com, Château Faugères, http://www.greatwinecapitals.com/node/733 (accessed: 09.04.2019).

GreatWineCapitals.com, Innovation in winemaking and wine tourism in Bordeaux, http://www.greatwinecapitals.com/news/innovation_in_winemaking_and_wine_tourism_in_Bordeaux (accessed: 09.04.2019).

Laboy M., Landscape as a Conceptual Space for Architecture: Shifting Theories and Critical Practices, The Plan Journal, vol. 0(0), 2016, 71–90.

Le Corbusier, Towards a New Architecture, Dover–New York 1986.

Meyhöfer D. and Gollnek O., The Architecture of Wine. Die Architektur des Weines. L’architecture du Vin, Gingko Press, Corte Madera CA 2000.

Mutuli I., Château Cheval Blanc: An Exceptional Winery in the Middle of a Beautiful Landscape by Christian de Portzamparc, 27 October 2015, https://www.archute.com/2015/10/27/chateau-cheval-blanc-an-exceptional-winery-in-the-middle-of-a-beautiful-landscape-by-christian-de-portzamparc/ (accessed: 09.04.2019).

Riverside Country Planning Department, Temecula Valley Wine Country Design Guidelines, CA, Adopted: March 11, 2014.

Taylor K., BORDEAUX’s Extreme Estates, France magazine: The Best of Culture, Travel and Art de Vivre, No. 92, Winter 2019, https://www.burgundy-report.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/2010/02/Extreme-Estates (accessed: 09.04.2019).

UNESCO, Saint-Emilion (France), No. 932, ICOMOS, September 1999, whc.unesco.org/document/154621 (accessed: 09.04.2019).

Winepaths.com, Saint Emilion Grand Cru Classé. Exclusive wine experiences at Château Faugères, https://www.winepaths.com/wine/france/bordeaux/saint-emilion/chateau-faugeres (accessed: 09.04.2019).

Winepaths.com, Wine is a world of nuances… Exclusive wine experiences at Château La Dominique in Saint-Émilion, France, https://www.winepaths.com/wine/france/bordeaux/saint-emilion/chateau-la-dominique (accessed: 09.04.2019).

Woschek H.G., Duhme D. and Friederichs K., Wine and Architecture, Edition Detail, Munich, 1st ed., 2012.