Land cover changes in foothill and mountain landscapes of the Lviv oblast (Ukrainian Carpathians)

Anatoliy Smaliychuk

Abstrakt

This paper analyzes land cover changes at a small scale with respect to the environmental and socio - economic characteristics in five model municipalities. The data used included 1 :50,000 Soviet topographic maps (1976 – 1989), recent fine scale satellite images from the Google Earth, natural geoecosystems data and 1 :10,000 cadastral maps which provide land use structure data. The model areas selected for our study are rural and situated in different parts of Ukrainian Carpathians. A common tendency for four of five model areas is an increase in the area with forest or shrubland owing to the abandonment of former agricultural lands. The results of statistical analysis showed that land use type, landform, location within an ecotone and slope inclination have the most significant influence on the occurrence of secondary succession. At the same time, transport infrastructure parameters have no essential influence on recent land cover changes.

Słowa kluczowe: Ukrainian Carpathians, land cover changes, secondary succession, logistic regression, GIS.
References

Angelstam P., Boresjö - Bronge L., Mikusiński G., Sporrong U. & Wästfelt A., 2003, Assessing village authenticity with satellite images : a method to identify intact cultural landscapes in Europe, Ambio, 32 ( 8 ) : 594 - 604.
Anonymous, 2008, Mista i sela Ukrainy. Lvivschyna [ Cities and villages of Ukraine. Lviv region ], http : / / who - is - who.com.ua / bookmaket / mistalvov2008 / 7 / 19 / 1.html ( 9. 10.2008 ).
Grom G., 2002, Naguevychi, Vidrodzhennya, Drohobych.
Herenchuk K. ( ed. ), 1968, Pryroda Ukrayinskykh Karpat [ Nature of the Ukrainian Carpathians ], Vydavnytstvo Lvivskoho Universytetu, Lviv ( in Ukrainian ).
Holubets M., Honchar M., Komendar V., Kucheryavyi V. & Odynak Y. ( ed. ), 1988, Ukrainskiye Karpaty. Priroda [ The Nature of the Ukrainian Carpathians ], Naukova Dumka, Kyiv ( in Russian ).
Kruhlov I., Mukha B. & Senchyna B., 2008, Natural geoecosystems, [in :] Roth M., Nobis R., Stetsuk V. & Kruhlov I. ( ed. ), Transformation processes in the Western Ukraine. Concepts for sustainable land use, Weissensee Verlag, Berlin.
Kuemmerle T., Chaskovskyy O., Knorn J., Radeloff V.C., Kruhlov I., Keeton W. S., Hostert P., 2009, Forest cover change and illegal logging in the Ukrainian Carpathians in the transition period from 1988 to 2007, Remote Sensing of Environment, 113 : 1194 - 1207.
Kuemmerle T., Hostert P., Radeloff V.C., Perzanowski K., Kruhlov I., 2007, Post - Socialist forest disturbance in the Carpathian border region of Poland, Slovakia, and Ukraine, Journal of Applied Ecology, 17 : 1279–1295.
Kuemmerle T., Hostert P., Radeloff V.C., van der Linden S., Perzanowski K., Kruhlov I., 2008, Cross - border comparison of post - socialist farmland abandonment in the Carpathians, Ecosystem, 11 : 614 - 628.
Kuemmerle T., Radeloff V.C., Perzanowski K., Hostert P., 2006, Cross - border comparison of land cover and landscape pattern in Eastern Europe using a hybrid classification technique, Remote Sensing of Environment, 103 : 449 –464.
Maryskevych O., Niewiadomski Z ., 2005, Regionalnyi landshaftnyi park Nadsyanskyi [ Nadsianskyi Regional Landscape Park ]. www.bieszczady.pl / download / pdf / broszura_NRPK_v.UA.pdf. Accessed 27 September 2008 ( 15.03.2009 ).
Ressl R., Endlicher W., Lehmann S., Baruth B., Bosch B. & Rosenthal G., 2008, Current land use structure of Upper Dnister Basin and recent changes in the model communities, [in :] Roth M., Nobis R., Stetsuk V. & Kruhlov I. ( ed. ), Transformation processes in the Western Ukraine. Concepts for sustainable land use, Weissensee Verlag, Berlin.
Smaliychuk A., 2011, Morfologichna structura landshaftiv nyzkohirya Karpat v mezhah Lvivskoi oblasti [ Morphological structure of the low mountain Carpathian landscapes within Lviv Oblast ]. Fizychna geografiya i geomorfologiya 62 : 61 – 70 ( in Ukrainian ). L D L C I ( Lviv Department of Land Cadastr Institute ), 1995, Proekty rozderzhavlennya i pryvatyzatsii zemel kolektyvnyh agrarnyh pidpryemstv [ Cadastral schemes of collective agrarian enterprices ], the State Committee of Ukraine on Land Resources, Lviv.
S S C U ( The State Statistics Committee of Ukraine ), 2002, Demografichnyi shchorichnyk za
2001 rik [ Demographic Yearbook 2001 ], Kyiv ( in Ukrainian ).
U N E P, 2003 Framework Convention on the Protection and Sustainable Development of the Carpathians,
http : / / www.carpathianconvention.org / index.html ( 19.04. 2009 ).
Verkhovna Rada, 2000, Zakon Ukrayny pro zagalnoderzhavnu programu formuvannya ekologichnoi
merezhi Ukrainy na 2000 – 2015 [ The Law of Ukraine about state program of creation ecological
network of Ukraine in 2000 – 2015 ], Verhovna Rada Ukrainy, Kyiv ( In Ukrainian ).

Czasopismo ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line

Pierwotną wersją czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna publikowana w internecie