Development and transformation of the religious landscape in Prague after the fall of communism

Tomáš Havlíček

Abstrakt

The main aim of this paper is the analysis of trends and processes in the religious landscape of the Czech capital of Prague in the period of political transformation after 1989. Czech society has been secularised to an extent unprecedented in the rest of Europe. The paper uses also the term religious landscape in a broader sense mostly as both territory and society of a selected larger territorial unit. The general trend of secularisation of modern Czech (Prague) society is accompanied by diversification (almost atomisation) of religious communities. The paper attempts to describe the main reasons for the transformation in religiosity in Prague after the fall of communism between 1991 and 2011 as well as outlines the fundamental consequences of these changes. The city of Prague has also experienced regional differentiation of religious development, evidenced by the quantitatively dwindling Roman Catholic Church on the one hand, and the growth of the Brethren Evangelical Free Church on the other. The rising importance of alternative religiosity is probably associated with the trend of secularisation of society and thus the transformation of the original Christian society into a society with prevailing occult or esoteric knowledge.

Słowa kluczowe: geography of religion, Prague, Czechia, religious landscape, transformation
References

Czech Statistical Office, 2013 (ed.), unpublished data.

Hampl M. et al., 2001, Regionální vývoj: specifika české transformace, evropská integrace a obecná teorie. PřF UK, Praha.

Hamplová D., 2000, Šetření ISSP 1998 – Náboženství (Survey ISSP 1998 – Religion), Sociologický časopis 36(4), 431–440.

Havlíček T., 2004, Religiózně-geografické aspekty procesu transformace Česka, [in:] A. Wahla (ed.), Geografie a proměny poznání geografické reality, Sborník příspěvků, Ostrava, 93–101.

Havlíček T., 2005, Czechia: Secularisation of the religious landscape, [in:] H. Knippenberg (ed.), The changing religious landscape of Europe, Het Spinhuis, 189–200.

Havlíček T., 2006a, Heilige Stätten in Prag, Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Geographica XLI, 1–2, 129–138.

Havlíček T., 2006b, Church-state relations in Czechia, GeoJournal 67, 331–340.

Havlíček T., Hupková M., 2008, Religious landscape in Czechia: New structures and trends, Geografie 113(2), 302–319.

Havlíček T., Hupková M., Smržová K., 2009, Changes in the geographical distribution of religious heterogeneity in Czechia during the transformation period, Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Geographica XLIV, 1–2, 31–47.

Henkel R., 2004, Der Ort der Religionen. Beobachtungen zur neuen Entwicklungen in der Religionsgeographie, Berichte zur deutschen Landeskunde 78>, Ge141–1zcJls.eu/Pracackrea P M., 2008, , [inC. Dwyer,nC. Brogrurvrg s(ed.), lin shomen297302041zcJls.eu/PraKlubhicJ M.,12000, The changing religious landscape of Europe, Het SpinhuiAmegisfun1zcJls.eu/PraKongiL MSP 0d.), Geograpcs atr Relig: Tf trends and j: stendsGeograp14(33(2)35302711zcJls.eu/PraKongiL M., 2001, Geograp25 78>,21V, 1331zcJls.eu/PraKongiL M., 4008, ReligioLs landscsise, [inJ.S. Duncan, N.C. JohnsigioR.:] Sutsen rg s(ed.), geograhielackas weDC.Publ SPkůxns "Wed65302811zcJls.eu/PraKongiL M.,12000, Geograp34(6ed.7553027761zcJls.eu/PraLBericppenbisiE MSP 3000, CzeReon_pubragCzec, SocioloticRpagev 9(1ed.85302981zcJls.eu/PraLužnickD MNeš im Zl M. et al., 8009, < Náboženstvv menšióz. ity

Matampičkel R., 2000, pop dizeni miejielej miaegaanostNacommutyaficgo na >poykładzeo Proglucaacise, [inI. JażdżewČe rg (e1, pop dizeni miejielej i jej >popmianahie

Matampičkel R., 4,5, odobh mesrsace jehoká raurboznnkowyšw sktúrkvaéreanostNacommutlogej su transfácrafie globhiizácrahie, 37302158aha.

Neš im Zlel Rrg (ed.., 4008, , Sociologiskseudle 04: 200n> Praaha.

Ouetdnavlíčá MPosmplová D., 6000, žčesm prostsesm ed regu: etapyní výafie a egorržorozmpřtromston), [inpl Ouetdnavlíčrg (ed.), <>, Sionálrag žčeshokprostseshoked regaciseRegnds anlace: Rd regioniC.Ideneity quesrligityGeograp2l 64753024851zcJls.eu/PraPacligiá MSP 2009, Tem evortance tr Religons fie rm evort hu Roman>geograhie,1173021311zcJls.eu/PraParknC. MSP 4000, Geograpcs atr Relighie, Sneran>geograhieGeograp2 113(228 3022881zcJls.eu/PraPeeobnC. M., 6000,

RineutskunG. MSP 9d.),

Siwček T., 2005, , GeografPf poliă l 65 129647.

WeskusiE M., 2005, ,silleutaft. Een Bgen> Phte zsizealwiser sutaftpubtschTh teoen Entwicklgen in der Religionsgeographie

Zr Rnsky W al., 2001, Tommnseqogrges of Am, Bestitr Religious landscape

iv>
>
>
> wyszukiwanie zaawansowane> >
v>
<>v> >) /al-bdiv>ct_h>