Empire of Signals: Techno-Ecology without Nature in Japan

Mitsuhiro Hayashi

Abstrakt

Along with the development of technology undermining the traditional notion of humanity in Judeo-Christianity, a variety of debates on beyond-human phenomena have emerged since the late 20th century. However, without waiting for these debates, outside of the West, similar phenomena have occurred even before the late 20th century. This paper will explore the non-representational forces of human-technology relations in Japan, focusing on the transition of the technological environment from the 1960s to the 1990s. An aff ective continuum between humans and natural or artifi cial things, including modern technology in the 1960s, was formed through material interfaces.  However, in the 1990s, when electronic technology began to be used to control sensory signals in detail, the equilibrium of representational and non-representational forces became unstable. The paper illustrates an alternate type of humanity-centered limitation which would help to relativize the dominant Western context. 

Słowa kluczowe: sign and signal, non-representational theory, Japan, Roland Barthes, Gilbert Simondon
References

Adorno T., Horkheimer M., The Dialectics of Enlightenment: Philosophical  Fragments, transl. by E. Jephcott, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2002 (1944).

Allison A., Millennial Monsters: Japanese Toys and the Global Imagination, Berkeley–Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press, 2006.

Barthes R., Empire of Signs, transl. by R. Howard, New York: Hill and Wang, 1983.

Barthes R., Camera Lucida: Reflections on Photography, transl. by R. Howard, New York: Hill and Wang, 1981.

Bloch M., The Royal Touch: Monarchy and Miracles in France and England, transl. by J.E. Anderson, New York: Dorset Press, 1989.

Braidotti R., Nomadic Subjects: Embodiments and Sexual Dierence in Contemporary Femi- nist Theory, 2nd ed., New York: Columbia University Press, 2011.

Bryant L., Srnicek N., Harman G. (eds.), The Speculative Turn: Continental Materialism and Realism, Melbourne: Re.Press, 2011.

Clough P.T., Halley J. (eds.), The Aective Turn: Theorizing the Social, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2007.

Coole D.H., Frost S. (eds.), New Materialisms: Ontology, Agency, and Politics, Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2010.

Descola Ph., Beyond Nature and Culture, transl. J. Lloyd, Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 2013.

Fuller M., Media Ecologies: Materialist Energies in Art and Technoculture, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2007.

Fuller M. (ed.), Software Studies: A Lexicon, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2008.

Grusin R. (ed.), The Nonhuman Turn, Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2015. Gumbrecht H.U., Production of Presence: What Meaning Cannot Convey, Stanford, CA:

Stanford University Press, 2004.

Haraway D., The Companion Species Manifesto: Dogs, People, and Significant Otherness, Chicago, IL: Prickly Paradigm Press, 2003.

Haraway D., When Species Meet, Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2008. Holbraad M., Pedersen M.A., The Ontological Turn: An Anthropological Exposition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2017.

Lamarre T., The Anime Ecology: A Genealogy of Television, Animation, and Game Media, Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota, 2018.

Latour B., Reassembling the Social: An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory, Oxford: Ox- ford University Press, 2007.

Mitchell W.J.T., What Do Pictures Want?: The Lives and Loves of Images, Chicago, IL: Uni- versity of Chicago Press, 2005.

Montfort N., Bogost I., Racing the Beam: The Atari Video Computer System, Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2009.

National Police Agency in Japan, The Report on Police Measures Related to People Who Go Out in New Year Days and Mountain Climbers during Year-end and New Year Holidays (in Japanese), 2009.

Nietzsche F., The Gay Science, transl. by T. Common, Mineola, NY: Dover, 2006 (1882). Parikka J., What Is Media Archaeology?, Cambridge: Polity Press, 2012.

Simondon G., “The Genesis of the Individual”, in: Incorporations, ed. by J. Crary, S. Kwinter, New York: Zone Books, 1992, pp. 297–319.

Spivak G.Ch., A Critique of Postcolonial Reason: Toward a History of the Vanishing Present, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

Thrift N., Non-Representational Theory: Space, Politics, Aect, London: Routledge, 2007. Tylor E., Primitive Culture, New York: Harper, 1958 (1871).

Viveiros de Castro E., “Perspectival Anthropology and the Method of Controlled Evocation”, Tipiti 2004, no. 2 (1), pp. 3–22.

Pierwotną wersją czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna publikowana
kwartalnie w internecie. Czasopismo ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line.