Syntactic Abilities in Old Age and Their Relation to Working Memory and Cognitive Flexibility

Karolina Byczewska-Konieczny,

Maria Kielar-Turska

Abstrakt

The aim of the study was to describe the syntactic abilities of elderly people taking into account possible differences between young-olds (67–75; M = 72.55, SD = 1.99) and old-olds (76–90; M = 79.88, SD = 2.92) in this area. Spontaneously produced narrations were assessed taking into account the grammatical correctness, complexity and coherence. Working memory and cognitive flexibility (visual shifting and verbal fluency) were also measured. The analysis showed that the young-olds differ from the old-olds only in the coherence of their narrations. The relation between using anaphors and working memory capacity was also proved

Słowa kluczowe: aging, syntactic abilities, working memory, cognitive flexibility.
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