Wybrane predyktory integralności psychospołecznej w późnej dorosłości

Martyna Reder,

Kinga Tucholska,

Danuta Rode

Abstrakt

Chosen Predictors of Psychosocial Integrity in Late Adulthood

According to the Erikson’s theory, personality development is associated with a positive resolution of developmental confl icts, appearing in stages, as a result of human interaction with the social and culture world. People in late adulthood are faced with the diffi cult task of finding a balance between the syntonic and dystonic feature of ego – integrity and despair – having a chance to develop life wisdom, deciding how to perceive themselves, other people and the surrounding world. The aim of this paper is to present and discuss predictors of psychosocial integrity in the late adulthood. Psychosocial integrity was a dependent variable, while the level of basic hope, level of depression and anxiety as a trait and selected sociodemographic data – were independent variables. The study of elderly people (N = 152) used the Measures of the Psychosocial Development (MPD) by G. Hawley (polish adaptation: Z. Uchnast), the Basic Hope Inventory (BHI-12) by J. Trzebiński and M. Zięba, the Hospital Scale of Anxiety and Depression (HADS) by A.S. Zigmond and R.P. Snaith (polish adaptation: K. de Walden-Gałuszko and M. Majkowicz) and the Sociodemographic Data Sheet, designed by the authors of the study. It  has been proved that the level of psychosocial integrity depends mainly on the level of basic hope, but it is also determined by the level of education of the respondents, which is  important for the perceived level of anxiety and depression.

Słowa kluczowe: psychosocial integrity, basic hope, psychosocial crisis, psychosocial development, late adulthood, anxiety, rozwój psychospołeczny, integralność psychospołeczna, nadzieja podstawowa, depresyjność, lęk, późna dorosłość

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