The Added European Value of Cultural Heritage. The European Heritage Label

Viktorija L.A. Čeginskas

Abstrakt

Europe’s cultural heritage plays a strategic role in European Union (EU) politics. Heritage is viewed as a shared resource and common good that eventually can produce a broader acceptance of the EU. This article focuses on the exploration of European heritage in the context of the European Heritage Label (EHL), a recent EU heritage action. It first gives an overview of the EHL action and examines the significance attributed to the European dimension of heritage. Next the article discusses the added value of the EHL network of heritage sites for the promotion of European heritage in the context of the European Year of Cultural Heritage (EYCH) 2018. The two initiatives share similar approaches and create opportunities to complement one another. The designation of the EYCH 2018 was an attempt to communicate to a broader European public the understanding that cultural heritage is more than just conservational memory, but also a source of new perspectives for the future. The EHL offers new approaches to heritage that challenge national discourses and exclusionary narratives of belonging. The article concludes that the promotion of European heritage serves the political objectives of European integration and may indeed strengthen a sense of belonging to Europe as a cultural and political community.

Słowa kluczowe: Europe, cultural heritage, European Heritage Label, EYCH 2018, political and cultural community
References

Commission of the European Communities, European File 10/88: The European Community and Culture, May 1988, http://aei.pitt.edu/14726/1/EUR-FILE-10-88.pdf [accessed: 12.02.2019].

Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, 16 November 1972, 1037 UNTS 151.

Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage, 17 October 2003, 2368 UNTS 1.

Council of Europe Framework Convention on the Value of Cultural Heritage for Society, 27 October 2005, CETS 199.

Council of the European Union, Resolution of the Council of 16 November 2007 on a European Agenda for Culture, OJ C 287, 29.11.2007, p. 1.

De Cesari C., European Heritage and Cultural Racism, paper presented at the conference “The Cultural Heritage of Europe @2018. Re-assessing a Concept and Re-defining Its Challenge”, Institut national d’histoire de l’art (INHA), Paris, 4-5 June 2018.

De Clercq W., Reflections on Information and Communication Policy of the European Community. Report by the Group of Experts Chaired by Mr. Willy De Clercq, Member of the European Parliament, March 1993, http://aei.pitt.edu/29870/1/DE_CLERCQ_REPORT_INFO._COMM._POLICY.pdf [accessed: 12.02.2019].

Decision (EU) 2017/864 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 May 2017 on a European Year of Cultural Heritage (2018), OJ L 131, 20.05.2017, p. 1.

Decision No. 1194/2011/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 November 2011 establishing a European Union action for the European Heritage Label, OJ L 303, 22.11.2011, p. 1.

Delanty G., Entangled Memories: How to Study Europe’s Cultural Heritage, “The European Legacy” 2017, Vol. 22(2).

Delanty G., The European Heritage. A Critical Re-interpretation, Routledge, London – New York 2017.

Delanty G., What Unites Europe and What Divides It? Solidarity and the European Heritage Reconsidered, “Asian Journal of German and European Studies” 2018, Vol. 3(3).

European Commission, A Renewed EU Tourism Policy: Towards a Stronger Partnership for European Tourism, 17 March 2006, COM(2006) 134 final.

European Commission, Commission Implementing Decision of 2.3.2012 on the Adoption of the 2012 Work Programme of a European Union Action for the European Heritage Label, 2 March 2012, C(2012) 1317 final.

European Commission, Commission Staff Working Document. Summary of the Impact Assessment. Accompanying Document to the Proposal for a Decision of the European Parliament and of the Council Establishing a European Union Action for the European Heritage Label, 9 March 2010, COM(2010) 76 final.

European Commission, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions: Towards an Integrated Approach to Cultural Heritage for Europe, 22 July 2014, COM(2014) 477 final.

European Commission, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. A New European Agenda for Culture, 22 May 2018, COM(2018) 267 final.

European Commission, European Heritage Label. 2013 Panel Report, Brussels 2013.

European Commission, European Heritage Label. 2014 Panel Report, Brussels 2014.

European Commission, European Heritage Label. 2015 Panel Report, Brussels 2015.

European Commission, European Heritage Label. 2017 Panel Report, 5 December 2017.

European Commission, European Heritage Label. Guide for Candidate Sites, Brussels 2011.

European Commission, European Heritage Label. Panel Report on Monitoring, 19 December 2016.

European Parliament legislative resolution of 16 November 2011 on the Council position at first reading with a view to the adoption of a decision of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a European Union action for the European Heritage Label, 16 November 2011, P7_TA(2011) 0502.

Harrison R., Heritage. Critical Approaches, Routledge, New York 2013.

Kaiser S., The European Heritage Label. A Critical Review of a New EU Policy [Ph.D. diss.], University of Illinois 2014.

Lähdesmäki T. et al. (eds.), Dissonant Heritages and Memories in Contemporary Europe, Palgrave Macmillan, forthcoming.

Lähdesmäki T., Founding Myths of European Union: Europe and the Workings of Power in the European Union Heritage and History Initiatives, “European Journal of Cultural Studies” 2018, DOI: 10.1177/1367549418755921.

Lähdesmäki T., Politics of Affect in the EU Heritage Policy Discourse: An Analysis of Promotional Videos of Sites Awarded with the European Heritage Label, “International Journal of Heritage Studies” 2017, Vol. 23(1).

Lähdesmäki T., Politics of Tangibility, Intangibility, and Place in the Making of European Cultural Heritage in EU Heritage Policy, “International Journal of Heritage Studies” 2016, Vol. 22(10).

Lähdesmäki T., Rhetoric of Unity and Cultural Diversity in the Making of European Cultural Identity, “International Journal of Cultural Policy” 2012, Vol. 18(1).

Lähdesmäki T., The EU’s Explicit and Implicit Heritage Politics, “European Societies” 2014, Vol. 16(3).

Lähdesmäki T., Mäkinen K., Dynamics of Scale in the Making of a European Cultural Heritage in EU Heritage Policy, in: T. Lähdesmäki, S. Thomas, Y. Zhu (eds.), Politics of Scale. New Direction in Critical Heritage Studies, Berghahn Books, New York 2019.

Niklasson E., The Janus-face of European Heritage: Revisiting the Rhetoric of Europe-making in EU Cultural Politics, “Journal of Social Anthropology” 2017, Vol. 2.

Niklasson E., Hølleland H., The Scandinavian Far-right and the New Politicization of Heritage, “Journal of Social Anthropology” 2018, Vol. 18(2).

Rendall A., Euro MPs Back Creation of ‘European Heritage Label’, BBC, 16 November 2011, https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-politics-15755426 [accessed: 10.02.2019].

Riksantikvarieämbetet, Rapport från Riksantikvarieämbetet: Europeiskt kulturarvsmärke, Riksantikvarieämbetet, Stockholm 2016.

Sassatelli M., Becoming Europeans. Cultural Identity and Cultural Policies, Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke – New York 2009.

Schorch P., Waterton E., Watson S., Museum Canopies and Affective Cosmopolitanism. Cultivating Cross-cultural Landscapes for Ethical Embodied Responses, in: D.P. Tolia-Kelly, E. Waterton, S. Watson (eds.), Heritage, Affect and Emotion. Politics, Practices and Infrastructures, Routledge, London – New York 2017.

Shore C., Building Europe. The Cultural Politics of European Integration, Routledge, London – New York 2000.

Treaty establishing a Constitution for Europe, signed on 29 October 2004 (not in force), OJ C 310, 16.12.2004.

Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (consolidated version), OJ C 326, 26.10.2012, p. 47.

Trenz H.-J., The Saga of Europeanisation. On the Narrative Construction of a European Society (Arena Working Paper 7/2014), July 2014, https://www.sv.uio.no/arena/english/research/publications/arena-working-papers/2014/wp7-14.pdf [accessed: 5.11.2018].

Czasopismo ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line.

Pierwotną formą czasopisma jest wersja papierowa.