Traditional Forms of Radicalism and Violent Extremism in the Western Balkans as the Main Challenge to Stability

Labinot Hajdari,

Aleksandar R. Ivanović


In this research authors investigate the issue of radicalism and violent extremism, initially examining the meaning of the terms, as well as the essential characteristics of these phenomena. Afterwards, the authors analyse and investigate the emerging forms of radicalism and violent extremism that exist in the territory of the Western Balkans, and their impact on the state of security in the region. The authors continue to study the aspect of the causes and conditions of the emergence of radicalism and violent extremism in this region while outlining the basic guidelines for the prevention of these phenomena at the end of the research. In this concern, the authors particularly emphasise the necessity of cooperation, coordination and strategic approach among all parties of the region, for the prevention of radicalism and violent extremism in the Western Balkans.

Słowa kluczowe: security, radicalism, violent extremism, prevention, Western Balkans

Andreas P. (2004), Criminalized Legacies of War: The Clandestine Political Economy of the Western Balkans, “Problems of Post-Communism” Vol. 51, No. 3

Arifović Z., Ivanović R.A., Zyrapi B. (2017), Proactive criminalistics investigation as an effective means of protection of national security [in:] Contemporary concepts of crisis management, (ed.) Vejseli U., Skopje, Crisis management center of the Republic of Macedonia

Ayers M.D. (1972), Bioscientific Terminology: Words from Latin and Greek Stems, Tucson, The University of Arizona Press Craighead W.E., Nemeroff B.C. (2004), The Concise Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology and Behavioral Science, New Jersey, Wiley & Sons

Demjaha A. (2017), Inter-Ethnic Relations in Kosovo, “Journal of South East European University” Vol. 12, No. 1

Floyd R. (2007), Towards a Consequentialist Evaluation of Security, “Bringing Together the Copenhagen and the Welsh Schools of Security Studies” Vol. 33, No. 2

Galtung J. (1964), An Editorial: What is Peace Research?, “Journal of Peace Research” Vol. 1, No. 1

Galtung J. (1969), Violence, Peace, and Peace Research, “Journal of Peace Research” Vol. 6, No. 3

Gjorv H.G. (2012), Security by any other name: negative security, positive security, and a multi-actor security approach, “Review of International Studies” Vol. 38, Iss. 4

Gjorv H.G. (2016), Understanding Civil-Military Interaction: Lessons Learned from the Norwegian Model, Abingdon, Routledge Taylor & Francis

Glossop R.J. (2001), Confronting War: An Examination of Humanity’s Most Pressing Problem, 4th ed., Jefferson, McFarland Publishing

Ilić P. (2012), O definisanju i definicijama nacionalne bezbednosti, “Vojno delo” No. 68

Ivanović R.A. (2017), The right to privacy and anonymity within the scope of freedom and security [in:] Sloboda, bezbednost: pravo na privatnost, (ed.)Stevanović, I., Pavlović, Z., Autonomna pokrajina Vojvodina, Pokrajinski zaštitnik građana – ombudsman, Beograd, Institut za kriminološka i sociološka istraživanja

Ivanović R.A., Soltvedt L.P. (2016), Investigation and Prosecuting War Crimes in the Western Balkans, “VARSTVOSLOVJE, Journal of Criminal Justice and Security” No. 18

Lentini P. (2009) The transference of Neojihadism: towards a process theory of transnational radicalization [in:] Radicalization crossing borders: new directions in Islamist and Jihadist political intellectual and theological thought in practice, refereed proceedings from the International Conference 26-7 November 2008, (eds.) Khatab S., Bakashmar M., Ogru E., Melbourne, Parliament House

Traditional Forms of Radicalism and Violent Extremism in the Western Balkans as the Main Challenge to Stability Lombardi M. (2015), Violent Radicalization Concerns in the Euro-Mediterranean Region [in:] Countering Radicalisation and Violent Extremism Among Youth to Prevent Terrorism, (Eds.) Lombardi M. et al.:, Milan, IOS Press

Marx K., Engels F. (1964), The Communist Manifesto, New York, Simon & Schuster Inc.

Midlarsky M. (2011), Origins of Political Extremism: Mass Violence in the Twentieth Century and Beyond, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press

Mijalković S. (2009), Nacionalna bezbednost, Beograd, Kriminalističko-policijska akademija

Perica V. (2002), Balkan idols: Religion and Nationalism in Yugoslav States, Oxford, Oxford University Press

Savić A., Delić M., Ilić P. (1998), Osnovi državne bezbednosti, Beograd, Obrazovno istraživački centar RDB MUP RS

Schmid P.A. (2013), Radicalisation, De-Radicalisation, Counter-Radicalisation: A Conceptual Discussion and Literature Review, Hague, The International Center for Counter-Terrorism

Simeunović D. (2009), Određenje ekstremizma iz ugla teorije politike, „Srpska politička misao“, No. 2

Simonović B. (2004), Kriminalistika, Kragujevac, Pravni fakultet

Tuchman B. (2014), The Proud Tower: A Portrait of the World Before the War, 1890-1914, New York, Random House Publishing Group

Wolfers A. (1962), National Security as an Ambiguous Symbol, [in:] idem, Discord and Collaboration. Essays on International Politics, Baltimore, John Hopkins University Press

Półrocznik interdyscyplinarny

Pierwotną wersją czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna publikowana w Internecie. Czasopismo ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line.