Добро в учении Владимира С. Соловьева

Jerzy Kapuścik

Abstrakt

The problem of good as conceptualised by Vladimir Solovyov
Vladimir Solovyov (1853–1900), a great Russian philosopher of religion, in his concept of all-unity assumed an integrity of a human being and his natural drive towards realization of an ideal of good, truth and beauty. He was voicing a belief that these values, being an ethical imperative, should be rooted in foundations of faith in that morality, hidden inside us and manifested through conscience and reason, synthetizes everything that a person does. Believing that good – in nature, in a human being, society and history – has a Devine provenance, the philosopher was also emphasizing the need for action which proves a human calling to fulfil what is good – on every level of participation in life. This belief, shaken a bit towards the end of the philosopher’s life as a result of his difficult life experiences, remained strong enough to find its expression in the last decade of the 19th century in an important treatise The Justification of the Good (Оправдание добра), which to a significant degree is an attempt to “deal with” I. Kant’s moral teaching, based on rational premises, and amoralism of F. Nietzsche. This article outlines Solovyov’s perspective on ethics, which having evolved in his work, has as a result gained a status of a separate discipline.

Słowa kluczowe: Solovyov, good, philosophy of religion, ethics, Kant
References

Dobieszewski, J., Włodzimierz Sołowjow. Studium osobowości filozoficznej, Warszawa 2002. Kiejzik, L., Włodzimierz Sołowjow, Zielona Góra 1997.

Krasicki, J., Bóg, człowiek i zło. Studium filozofi i Włodzimierza Sołowjowa, Wrocław 2003; Kita, M., Klucz do żywych przekonań. Chrystologia filozoficzna Włodzimierza Sołowjowa, Kraków 2005.

Przebinda, G., Włodzimierz Sołowjow wobec historii, Kraków 1992.

Sołowjow, W., Uzasadnienie dobra. Filozofia moralna, P. Rojek, M. Kita, K. Janowska, L. Augustyn (przeł.), A. Ochotnicka (red. nauk.), Kraków 2008.

Sołowjow, W., Wybór pism, A. Hauke-Ligowski (przeł.), Poznań 1988.

Sołowjow, W., Wykłady o Bogoczłowieczeństwie, Warszawa 2011.

W kręgu idei Włodzimierza Sołowjowa, W. Rydzewski, M. Kita (red.), Kraków 2002.

Гайденко, П.П., Владимир Соловьев и философия Серебряного века, Москва 2001.

Марков, Б.В., Философская антропология. Очерки истории и теории, Санкт-Петербург 1997.

Мочульский, К., Гоголь. Соловьев. Достоевский, Москва 1995.

Русская литература ХХ века. Дореволюционный период, сост. Н.А. Трифонов, Москва 1966.

Соловьев, В.С., Критика отвлеченных начал, Москва 1880.

Соловьев, В.С., Оправдание добра, Москва 1996.

Соловьев, В.С., Сочинения в двух томах, т. 2, Москва 1989.

Соловьев, В.С., Стихотворения. Эстетика. Литературная критика, Москва 1990.

Столович, Л.Н., Красота, добро, истина. Очерк истории эстетической аксиологии, Москва 1994.

Флоренский, П., Столп и утверждение Истины. Опыт православной теодицеи [1914], Москва 2005.

Флоренский, Священник П., Сочинения в четырех томах, т. 1, составл. Игумена Андроника, П.В. Флоренского, М.С. Трубаченвой, Москва 1994.

Czasopismo ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line.
Pierwotną formą czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna.