Muslim Experiential Religiousness and Muslim Attitudes toward Religion: Dissociation of Experiential and Attitudinal Aspects of Religiosity in Iran

Zhuo Chen,

Nima Ghorbani,

Paul J. Watson,

Naser Aghababaei

Abstrakt

Investigations into Muslim psychology sometimes rely on measures emphasizing religious attitudes, with the Muslim Attitudes toward Religion (MAR) scale being an example. To capture the experiential aspects of Islamic religiosity, a recently developed Muslim Experiential Religiousness (MER) scale recorded an experienced submission to, love of, and closeness to God that define an ideal in Muslim religious consciousness. In a sample of 299 students from the University of Tehran and the Qom Islamic Seminary School, this study administered the MAR and MER, along with scales assessing mysticism, religious orientations, depression, anxiety, and satisfaction with life. Results demonstrated incremental validity of the MER over the MAR in predicting most of these religious and psychological adjustment variables. The MER also mediated and moderated some MAR relationships with religious and psychological outcomes. These data pointed toward a dissociation of the attitudinal and experiential features of Muslim psychology and confirmed the MER as a valuable index of Muslim religious experience.

Słowa kluczowe: Muslim Experiential Religiousness, Religious Attitude, Spirituality, Iran, Psychological Adjustment , muzułmańska religijność zorientowana na doświadczenie, nastawienie religijne, duchowość, psychologiczne dopasowanie

Kwartalnik "Studia Religiologica" ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line.

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