Equity in STEM, especially in transportation engineering

Lidia Żakowska,

Zofia Bryniarska

Abstrakt

Background. Initiatives to promote gender equality in STEM have been developed in Europe over a number of years. However, all specific programmes have proved to be insufficient to increase the number of women in science and in engineering.

Research aims. The main objective is to analyze the barriers that lead to gender inequity in the context of science and the academia, namely vertical and horizontal segregation (underrepresentation of women in STEM) and asymmetric gender culture in organisations (including structural barriers for women).

Methodology. In this paper location parameters of descriptive statistics, like median 1st and 3rd quartile and rate structure, were compared. Those simple parameters were used to show the scale of differences between males and females, especially in the context of salaries, and to highlight the dynamics of changes in time.

Key findings. The study revealed that there is no equity in salaries at all educational levels in Poland. There is also no equity in R&D personnel salaries and in number of engineering students and in higher level technical university personnel.

Conclusions. Urgent solutions and actions are needed to increase the equity balance in STEM in the context of salaries and careers development, in transportation engineering field.

Słowa kluczowe: uczestnictwo kobiet, inżynieria, kariera naukowa, wynagrodzenia
References

Hofbauer J., Wroblewski A. (2014), Equality Challenges in Higher Education, 8th European Conference on Gender Equality in Higher Education – Content and Conclusions, Federal Ministry of Science, Research and Economy, Vienna.

Human Resources Board and Student Office in Cracow University of Technology (PK) – internal data.

Human Resources Board in Public Transport Company in Krakow – internal data.

Science and Technology in 2013 (2014), Central Statistical Office of Poland, Warszawa.

Sedlak & Sedlak (2014), Ogólnopolskie Badanie Wynagrodzeń (OBW), Human Resource Consulting Company Sedlak & Sedlak.

Zakowska L. (2008), Academic Career For Women in the Engineering Field – Global, European and the Polish Perspectives, World Engineering Convention, WEC 2008, Brasilia, Brazil.

Zakowska L. (2009), Engineering Education: From European to Polish Perspective, [in:] Engineering Education. Perspectives, Issues and Concerns, Book, Editor Rajarshi Roy, SHIPRA Publications, India, 402–418.

Zakowska L., Pulawska S. (2014), Equity in Transportation: New Approach in Transport Planning – Preliminary Results of Case Study in Krakow, “Transport Problems”, 9, 3, 67–74.

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Pierwotną wersją czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna publikowana w internecie.