Public Health in Canada: An Overview

Iwona A. Bielska,

Ashley C. Drobot,

Mackenzie Moir,

Robert O. Nartowski,

Raymond Lee,

Julia Lukewich,

Mark K. Lukewich

Abstrakt

Public health is comprised of services, programs, and policies aimed at promoting health, preventing injury and chronic diseases, and responding to health emergencies. Public health professionals include front line providers, consultants, and specialists from various disciplines and professions, such as medicine, nursing, and epidemiology. Public health in Canada is provided through the collaboration between three levels of government, namely municipal, provincial or territorial, and federal. While public health is a shared responsibility of all levels of government, the volume and direction of allocated resources for related activities varies between the provinces and territories. Canada’s public health history predates its founding in 1867. A turning point in public health in the country occurred following the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) outbreak in 2003. The following year, the federal Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) was created. Its role is to improve and maintain population health in Canada. The Chief Public Health Officer is the deputy head of the PHAC and is the government’s lead public health professional. The public health landscape in Canada will continue to evolve to meet the growing needs of its population and to address existing health challenges including adverse health events related to chronic diseases and unhealthy lifestyles. Moreover, it will further adapt to respond to new public health threats, such as the emergence of tropical illnesses, the northward spread of infectious agents due to climate change, and disease transmission related to international travel.

Słowa kluczowe: finansowanie, historia, Kanada, kompetencje, przepisy prawne, specjaliści zdrowia publicznego, zdrowie publiczne
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