Health status of older people. Evidence from Europe

Agnieszka Sowa,

Roman Topór-Mądry,

Beata Tobiasz-Adamczyk,

Stanisława Golinowska

Abstrakt

The objective of this article is to show the health status of the older population throughout European countries and indicate the data needs for a comprehensive comparative analysis of health status and its risk factors. The article briefly discusses definitions of health status in older age and presents adequate health status indicators. It discusses life expectancy, healthy life expectancy, disability adjusted life expectancy, the main causes of death as well as the prevalence of long-term illnesses, multimorbidity and functional health limitations across European countries, pointing out regional differences of the health status of older people. Next, several behavioural risks of poor health occurring in older age are shown: smoking, alcohol overuse and falls. The article concludes by demonstrating the need for more detailed, comparative and standardized data on the health status of older people across European countries, presenting sex and age-specific morbidity and health limitations as well as health risks.

Acknowledgments

This publication arises from the project Pro-Health 65+ which has received funding from the European Union, in the framework of the Health Programme (2008-2013).

The content of this publication represents the views of the authors and it is their sole responsibility; it can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Commission and/or the Executive Agency for Health and Consumers or any other body of the European Union. The European Commission and/or the Executive Agency do(es) not accept responsibility for any use that may be made of the information it contains.

Publication is financed from funds for science in the years 2015-2017 allocated for implementation of an international co-financed project.

Słowa kluczowe: health status, older people, aging, chronic diseases, multimorbidity, long-standing illness, risk factors, functional limitations, quality of life
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