Trójbiegunowa kultura południowoafrykańskiej metropolii Durban

Teresa Folga-Naidoo

Abstrakt

The Tripolar Culture of Durban, a South African Metropolis
The aim of the article is to present an intriguing issue of multiculturalism in Durban, South Africa. The city’s social and cultural rapid development is based on tripolar culture of the African, Asian and European origin. Strongly rooted native Bantu culture repre-sented since 18th century by the Zulu tribe which collided with the European culture of Dutch and British origin. That is complemented by the rich Indian culture, which since the second half of the 19th century played a significant role in the development of the city.

Keywords: culture, multiculturalism, tripolar, South Africa, Rainbow Nation, Durban, Zulu, Boer, Indian, British, Gandhi, temples, muti, xenophobia

Tematem niniejszego artykułu jest przedstawienie intrygującego zagadnienia jakim jest wielokulturowość południowoafrykańskiej metropolii Durban. Szybki rozwój społeczny i kulturalny miasta ma swe podłoże w trójbiegunowej kulturze rodem z Afryki, Azji i Europy. Silnie zakorzeniona kultura Bantu reprezentowana od XVIII wieku przez plemię Zulusów, zderzyła się już w XIX wieku z napływową kulturą europejską, najpierw holenderską a następnie brytyjską. Całość uzupełnia bogata kultura indyjska, która od drugiej połowy XIX wieku odgrywa znaczącą rolę w rozwoju miasta.

Słowa kluczowe: kultura, wielokulturowość, trójbiegunowość, Republika Południowej Afryki, Tęczowy Naród, Durban, Zulusi, Burowie, Hindusi, Brytyjczycy, Gandhi, świątynie, multi, ksenofobia
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