King Huviška, Yima, and the Bird: Observations on a Paradisiacal State

Touraj Daryaee,

Soodabeh Malekzadeh


This essay discuses the significance of the unique gold coin of the Kushan king, Huviška. The legend on the coin reads Imšao which recalls the ancient Indo-Iranian mythic figure, Yima/Yama. It is contended that the reason for which Yima/Yama is portrayed on the coin with a bird on his hand is not the idea of Glory and his reign, but rather the paradaisical state according to the Wīdēwdād, where Yima/Yama ruled over the world. It is contended that Huviška aimed at presenting himself in this manner to his subjects who were familiar with the Avestan and mythic Indo-Iranian lore.

Słowa kluczowe: Imšao, Huviška, Kushan, Karšiptar, Yima, Yama.

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