The Numismatic Production of Antiochos IV: Tool of Diplomacy or Legitimacy? A Quantifying Approach of Hoard Evidence

Panagiotis P. Iossif

Abstrakt
This article proposes a quantitative reading of the hoard evidence concerning the coin
production of Antiochos IV. The “Seleucid Hoard Database” (SHD) is used as the starting point
for addressing the question of coinage as “tool of diplomacy or legitimacy” of the king’s reign.
The demonstration, following a recent comparable analysis on the coinage of Antiochos III, is
meant to serve as a methodological manifest of the usefulness of large datasets, statistical analyses
and quantifi cations when considering historical issues. The role of Antioch as a major mint is
examined, as well as the westward circulation patterns of Antiochos’ issues, while the quantitative
analysis of obverse and reverse types serves as a reference point for the divinization of the king
and the political messages transmitted through his numismatic production.
Słowa kluczowe: Antiochos IV, Divinization, Political messages, Antioch, Quantifi cation, Statistical analyses.
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