Case Alternations: The Interaction of Semi-lexicality and Case Assignment

Heidi Klockmann

Abstrakt


Polish numerals and negation participate in case alternations, a phenomenon in which their ability to trigger genitive case assignment is determined by the case environment of the nominal. In particular, oblique case contexts appear to block the genitive of numerals and negation. This phenomenon is often contextualized within the structural-inherent case distinction (Chomsky 1981, 1986; Babby 1987), with the case type (structural, inherent) playing a primary role in determining case realization; a common assumption is that only a single case is assigned per nominal. This paper proposes an alternative analysis, which takes case stacking to be freely available in the syntax. A post-syntactic algorithm then determines the final choice of overt case in contexts of case competitions. This paper further shows that certain cases appear to have a lexical requirement, leading to case percolation in the context of numerals, which are argued to be semi-lexical. Together, these assumptions accurately model the case alternations of numerals and negation, and furthermore, tell us something about the nature of case.

Słowa kluczowe


polskie liczebniki główne, dopełniacz negacji, kumulacja wartości przypadka na jednym składniku, przypadek semantyczny, morfoskładniowe nacechowanie liczebników głównych

Pełny tekst:

PDF

Bibliografia


Babby Leonard H. (1987). Case, prequantifiers, and discontinuous agreement in Russian. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 5(1), 91–138.

Baker Mark C. (2003). Lexical Categories: Verbs, Nouns, and Adjectives. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.

Baker Mark C., Vinokurova Nadezhada (2010). Two modalities of case assignment in Sakha. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 28(3), 593–642.

Błaszczak Joanna (2007). Phase syntax: The Polish genitive of negation. Potsdam: Potsdam University, Habilitation dissertation.

Błaszczak Joanna (2008). Differential subject marking in Polish: The case of Genitive vs. Nominative subjects in “X was not at Y”-constructions. In Differential Subject Marking (Studies in Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 72), Helen de Hoop, Peter de Swart (eds.), 113–149. Dordrecht: Springer.

Brattico Pauli (2010). One-part and two-part models of nominal Case: Evidence from case distribution. Journal of Linguistics 46(1), 47–81.

Brattico Pauli (2011). Case assignment, case concord, and the quantificational case construction. Lingua 121(6), 1042–1066.

Brown Dunstan (1998). Defining ‘subgender’: Virile and devirilized nouns in Polish. Lingua 104(3/4), 187–233.

Caha Pavel (2009). The nanosyntax of case. Tromsø: University of Tromsø, Ph.D. dissertation.

Chomsky Noam (1981). Lectures in Government and Binding. Dordrecht: Foris.

Chomsky Noam (1986). Barriers (Linguistic Inquiry Monograph 13). Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press.

Chomsky Noam (2000). Minimalist inquiries: The framework. In Step by Step: Essays on Minimalist Syntax in Honor of Howard Lasnik, Roger Martin, David Michaels, Juan Uriagareka (eds.), 89–153. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press.

Chomsky Noam (2001). Derivation by phase. In Kenstowicz (ed.), 1–52.

Corbett Greville (1978). Universals in the syntax of cardinal numerals. Lingua 46(4), 355–368.

Corbett Greville (1983). The number of genders in Polish. Papers and Studies in Contrastive Linguistics 16, 83–89.

Corbett Greville (2006). Agreement. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.

Corver Norbert, van Riemsdijk Henk (eds.) (2001). Semi-Lexical Categories: On the Function of Content Words and the Content of Function Words. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Doroszewski Witold (1952). Podstawy gramatyki polskiej. Cz. 1. Warszawa: Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe.

Dziwirek Katarzyna (1990). Default agreement in Polish. In Grammatical Relations: A Cross-Theoretical Perspective, Katarzyna Dziwirek, Patrick Farrell, Errapel Mejías-Bikandi (eds.), 147–161, Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications.

Dziubała-Szrejbrowska Dominika (2014). Aspects of morphosyntactic constraints on quantification in English and Polish. Poznań: Adam Mickiewicz University, Ph.D. dissertation.

Franks Steven (1994). Parametric properties of numeral phrases in Slavic. Natural Language and Linguistic Theory 12(4), 597–674.

Franks Steven (2002). A Jakobsonian feature-based analysis of the Slavic numeric quantifier genitive. Journal of Slavic Linguistics 10(1/2), 141–181.

Giusti Giuliani, Leko Nedzad (2004). The categorial status of quantity expressions. Lingvistički Vidici 34(5), 121–183.

George Leland, Kornfilt Jaklin (1981). Finiteness and boundedness in Turkish. In Binding and Filtering, Frank Heny (ed.), 105–127. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press.

Grimshaw Jane (2001). Optimal clitic positions and the lexicon in Romance clitic systems. In Legendre, Grimshaw, Vikner (eds.), 205–240.

Ionin Tanin, Matushansky Ora (2006). The composition of complex cardinals. Journal of Semantics 23(4), 315–360.

Kenstowicz Michael (ed.) (2001). Ken Hale: A Life in Language. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press.

Klockmann Heidi (2012). Polish numerals and quantifiers: A syntactic analysis of subject-verb agreement mismatches. Utrecht: University of Utrecht, M.A. dissertation.

Klockmann Heidi (2014). Polish numerals are semi-lexical adjectives and nouns. In Formal Approaches to Slavic Linguistics: The McMaster Meeting 2013 (FASL #22), Vratislav Busek (ed.). Ann Arbor: Michigan Slavic Publications.

Legendre Géraldine, Grimshaw Jane, Vikner Sten (eds.) (2001). Optimality-Theoretic Syntax. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press.

Maling Joan (1993). Of nominative and accusative: The hierarchical assignment of grammatical cases in Finnish. In Case and Other Functional Categories in Finnish Syntax, Anders Holmberg, Urpo Nikanne (eds.), 49–74. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter.

Marantz Alec (1991). Case and licensing. In ESCOL’91: Proceedings of the Eighth Eastern States Conference on Linguistics, Germán Westphal, Benjamin Ao, Hee-Rahk Cae (eds.), 234–253. Columbus: Ohio State University.

Matushanksy Ora (2008). Predication: A case study. In Studies in Formal Slavic Linguistics. Contributions from Formal Description of Slavic Languages 6.5, Franc Marušič, Rok Žaucer (eds.), 213–239. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

Matushansky Ora (2010). Some cases of Russian. In Formal Studies in Slavic Linguistics, Proceedings of FDSL 7.5, Gerhild Zybatow, Philip Dudchuk, Serge Minor, Ekaterina Pshehostkaya (eds.), 117–135. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

Nevins Andrew (2005). Derivations without the activity condition. MIT Working Papers in Linguistics 49, 283–306.

Norris Marc (2014). A theory of nominal concord. Santa Cruz, CA: University of California, Ph.D. dissertation.

Pesetsky David (2012). Russian case morphology and the syntactic categories. Ms. [URL: http://ling.auf.net/lingbuzz/001120; accessed February 22, 2013].

Pesetsky David, Torrego Esther (2001). T-to-C movement: Causes and consequences. In Kenstowicz (ed.), 355–426.

Pesetsky David, Torrego Esther (2004). Tense, case, and the nature of syntactic categories. In The Syntax of Time, Jacqueline Gueron, Jacqueline Lecarme (eds.), 495–538. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Press.

Pesetsky David, Torrego Esther (2011). Case. In The Oxford Handbook of Linguistic Minimalism, Cedric Boeckx (ed.), 52–72. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Preminger Omer (2011). Agreement as a fallible operation. Cambridge, MA: Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Ph.D. dissertation.

Primus Beatrice (1999). Cases and Thematic Roles. Tübingen: Niemeyer.

Przepiórkowski Adam (1999). Case assignment and the complement-adjunct dichotomy: A constraint-based approach. Tübingen: University of Tübingen, Ph.D. dissertation.

Rappaport Gilbert (2002). Numeral phrases in Russian: A minimalist approach. Journal of Slavic Linguistics 10(1/2), 327–340.

Rappaport Gilbert (2003). Case syncretism, features, and the morphosyntax of Polish numeral phrases. In Generative Linguistics in Poland: Morphosyntactic Investigations, Piotr Bański, Adam Przepiórkowski (eds.), 107–119. Warszawa: Instytut Podstaw Informatyki PAN.

Rappaport Gilbert (2011). Toward a multi-level theory of morphology: How Polish gender works. In Generative Investigations: Syntax, morphology, and phonology,

Piotr Bański, Beata Łukaszewicz, Monika Opalińska (eds.), 166–197. Cambridge: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Řezáč Milan (2008). Phi-agree and theta-related case. In Phi-Theory: Phi-Features across Modules and Interfaces, Daniel Harbour, David Adger, Susana Bejar (eds.), 83–129. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Richards Norvin (2007). Lardil “case stacking” and the structural/inherent case distinction. Ms. [URL: http://ling.auf.net/lingBuzz/000405; accessed August 15, 2014].

Raposo Eduardo (1987). Case theory and Infl-to-Comp: The inflected infinitive in European Portuguese. Linguistic Inquiry 18(1), 85–109.

Ross John R. (1972). The category squish: Endstation Hauptwort. In Proceedings of the Eighth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society, Paul M. Peranteau, Judith N. Levi, Gloria C. Phares, et al. (eds.), 316–338. Chicago Linguistic Society, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.

Rutkowski Paweł (2002). The syntax of quantifier phrases and the inherent vs. structural case distinction. Linguistic Research 7(1), 43–74.

Rutkowski Paweł, Szczegot Kamil (2001). On the syntax of functional elements in Polish: Numerals, pronouns, and expressions indicating approximation. In Generative Linguistics in Poland: Syntax and Morphosyntax, Adam Przepiórkowski, Piotr Bański (eds.), 187–196. Warszawa: Instytut Podstaw Informatyki PAN.

Vergnaud Jean Roger (2006) [1977]. Letter to Noam Chomsky and Howard Lasnik. In Syntax: Critical Concepts in Linguistics, vol. 5, Robert Freidin, Howard Lasnik (eds.), 21–34. London: Routledge.

Willim Ewa (1990). On case-marking in Polish. Papers and Studies in Contrastive Linguistics 25, 203–220.

Woolford Ellen (2001). Case patterns. In Legendre, Grimshaw, Vikner (eds.), 509–543.

Woolford Ellen (2003). Burzio’s generalization, markedness, and locality constraints on nominative objects. In New Perspectives on Case Theory, E. Brandner, H. Zinsmeister (eds.), 301–329. Stanford, CA: CSLI Publications.

Woolford Ellen (2006). Lexical case, inherent case, and argument structure. Linguistic Inquiry 37(1), 111–130.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.