Coronal Palatalization in Kashubian

Justyna Kosecka

Abstrakt


This article analyzes the processes affecting coronal consonants in Kashubian within the framework of Lexical Phonology. Kashubian has a process of Coronal Palatalization, affecting especially underlying //t d s z//. Soft /ts’ dz’ s’ z’/ are the outputs of the process. Since there are no soft, that is palatalized, [ts’ dz’ s’ z’] in the surface inventory of the analyzed language, the process is argued to be accompanied by context-free Hardening. Furthermore, the proposed analysis of //s z// shows that there is a Duke-of-York gambit in Kashubian, namely, a change of hard //s// to a soft /s’/, and then back to hard [s]. Moreover, the analysis of Kashubian adjectives and the lack of //t d// palatalization, despite the apparent presence of the context and the derived environment, show that there are at least two derivational levels in Kashubian. Coronal Palatalization is a Level 1 rule. Velar Softening applies at Level 2. At Level 1, formation of nouns takes place. Derivational morphemes are added to adjectives at Level 1, whereas inflectional adjectival markers are restricted to Level 2. The proposed analysis also demonstrates that the adjectivizing marker //-i// added cyclically to nouns does not surface due to Vowel Deletion.

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