Oczekiwania społeczne jako empiryczny wykładnik granic funkcji ochronnej prawa pracy

Justyna Czerniak-Swędzioł,

Błażej Mądrzycki

Abstrakt

Social expectations as an empirical exponent of the limits the protective function of labor law

Labor law is the law of everyday life, which is why social expectations, socio-political and economic and economic changes significantly contribute to shaping its regulations. Labor law as a branch of law directly referring to human work is exposed to the processes of constant change that should be met, and therefore should contain universal regulations. The current model of labor law is not adapted to modern socio-economic relations, hence the decreasing importance, the need for its thorough, systemic change or even inclusion in civil law. The overriding function of law is the introduction and maintenance of social order, and in the area of labor law its two basic functions are most often distinguished, i.e. protective and organizational, which complement each other. The protective function of labor law does not remain an independent value and does not work in isolation from individual labor law regulations but provides a specific background for them. Her presence manifests itself in the content of individual labor law regulations, such as: establishing, changing and terminating an employment relationship, protecting employment permanence, parental and maternity rights, or regulations regarding material employee responsibility. Labor law should be seen as a regulation concerning the community, and in place of the protective (individualistic) function, the distribution and organizing function of labor law should be restored (with a significant correction of their content) due to the fact that labor law is a tool for equalizing and promoting opportunities in social life. The time of globalization and free market economy should strengthen the position of labor law and at the same time face its new challenges.

ASJC: 3308, JEL: K31

Słowa kluczowe: oczekiwania społeczne, badania empiryczne, funkcja ochronna, odpowiedzialność materialna pracownika, zmiany Kodeksu pracy, minimalne wynagrodzenie za pracę, urlopy rodzicielskie

Pierwotną wersją czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna publikowana w internecie.