Mutual relationship between the metamorphosis of social ties and the redevelopment of urban spaces. Selected European examples

Krzysztof Kwiatkowski


Traditional system of social ties and communities, based to a major extent on the classic dichotomy of Gemeinschaft/Gesellschaft succumbs to the process of debilitation, even atrophy. Modern social networks are undergoing a metamorphosis towards the system of “weak ties”, the term coined by Mark Granovetter. Those ties, despite their name, are very effective. Changes in the social sphere are dynamically connected with the process of redevelopment of urban spaces. The spaces evolve towards creation of residential complexes that enable an unlimited choice of living scenarios and lifestyles (Homo eligens [choosing agent] architecture). The trend towards pluralism is connected with the tendencies to create multicultural spaces, that evolve in the direction of becoming transnational.


Almere. Architectuurgids. An Architectural Guide, Pharos, Uitgevers 2013.

Bachmann-Medick D., Cultural Turns. Nowe kierunki w naukach o kulturze, Oficyna Naukowa, Warszawa 2012, 357.

Bruns-Berentelg J., Walter J., Meyhöffer D. (red.), Hafencity Hamburg. Das Erste Jahrzehnt. Stadtentwicklung, Städtebau und Architektur, Junius Verlag, Hamburg 2012.

Feddes F., A Millennium of Amsterdam. Spatial History of a Marvellous City, Thoth Publishers, Bussum, 2012.

Florida R., Narodziny klasy kreatywnej oraz jej wpływ na przeobrażenia w charakterze pracy, wypoczynku, społeczeństwa i życia codziennego, Narodowe Centrum Kultury, Warszawa 2010, 286.

Guide to New Architecture in Copenhagen, Danish Architecture Centre, Copenhagen, 2013.

Hannerz U., Powiązania transnarodowe: kultura, ludzie, miejsca, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego, Kraków 2006.

Hommels A., Unbuilding Cities. Obduracy In Urban. Sociotechnical Change, MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, London 2008.

Meltzer G., Sustainable Community. Learning from cohousing model, Trafford, Victoria BC Canada, 2005.

Scotthanson Ch., K., The Cohousing Handbook. Building a Place for Community. Revised Edition, New Society Publishers, Gabriola Island, Canada, 2005.

Vanstiphout W., A Retroactive Lens on the Bijlmermeer, VOLUME – Independent quarterly for architecture to go beyond itself, Rotterdam, 2008 # 2, 116-121.

Winkler O., Amsterdam-Bijlmermeer, Baubegin 1964…in die Jahre gekommen. (Abteilung Stadtentwicklung der Stadt Amsterdam), Deutsche Bauzeitung, nr 6/99, 1999.