Beta-adrenergic drugs (β-blockers) in the environment ‒ new methods of removal

Piotr Rezka,

Wojciech Balcerzak

Abstrakt

This paper is part of a series of publications discussing the prevalence of pharmaceuticals in the aquatic environment and the effectiveness of their removal and degradation during wastewater and water treatment processes. It presents the most commonly used b-blockers and their parameters related to their metabolism and excretion from a body. In the paper, the authors review the literature data on the presence of b-blockers in wastewater and surface waters and present new solutions which have been developed to increase the efficiency of removal of these compounds from wastewater and potable water.

Słowa kluczowe: b-blockers, wastewater, surface water, wastewater treatment, water treatmen