The period of flower carpets and other colourful garden decorations, i.e. kinds of ornamental species used in Europe at the turn of the 20th century

Krystyna Pudelska,

Kamila Rojek


Since the 16th century species of flowers imported from the New World to Europe have enriched botanical gardens, and later palace or manor gardens and public gardens. In the second half of the 19th and in the 20th centuries new flower forms appeared i.e. clumps, flowerbeds and flower decorations. These plant elements were particularly appreciated taking into consideration a quickly growing range of new species and flowering plants. They were also popularized by their creators, gardeners, owners and the users of the modern shaped gardens. In the descriptions of gardens available today, in treatises or many lithographies, we can find the flower forms and species planted in those days. The aim of this thesis is to present selected flower forms in Polish parks and gardens at the turn of the 20th century and specifying species and flower plants typical of certain solutions.

Słowa kluczowe: flower forms flower clumps flower baskets and carpets ornamental plant species introduction landscape gardens