Toward a holistic heritage conservation

Tatiana Kirilova Kirova,

Davide Mezzino


Many scholars have already underlined the importance and the complexity of the different components of the historic urban landscape. The UNESCO Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape – adopted at the General Conference on November 2011 – went beyond the notion of ‘historic centre’ and extended its application to the broader urban context and the geographical setting. Presenting the case of Caserma “Cascino” in Cagliari, the paper outlines a methodology for heritage conservation in urban contexts. The project offers a holistic approach to the conservation process. Through two main phases, it describes the employed innovative features in terms of strategies and technologies adopted for each one. The first phase focused on the understanding of the existing building complex, consisted of: a.) the historical analysis of the building, its urban context and the connection with the geographic landscape, in order to understand the cultural and social significance of the site, and b.) the documentation project to define geometry, structure, color and spatial configuration of the building, in order to determine the character defining elements and the current condition of the structure. The second phase focused on the conservation of the site, including condition repair, structural reinforcement and consolidation, and adaptive-reuse. Knowledge gained from the previous phase, in combination with issues of authenticity and reversibility, laid the groundwork for the development of the appropriate intervention strategies.

Słowa kluczowe: conservation, adaptive reuse, sustainability, cultural significance, urban landscape

[1] Almanacco di Cagliari, Antioco Piseddu, Piccola e periferica, ma tanto aggraziata. Le chiese cagliaritane: san Bartolomeo, N. XXVIII, Fossataro, Cagliari 1993.

[2] Almanacco di Cagliari, Tonino Oppes, La Caienna di Cagliari. Dal 1842 al 1926, nella nostra città ha funzionato un carcere speciale riservato ai forzati: il Bagno penale di san Bartolomeo, N. XXIV, Fossataro, Cagliari 1993.

[3] Bartolo G., Waele, Tidu A., Il promontorio di sant’Elia in Cagliari, S’Alvure, Oristano 2005.

[4] British Standards Institution, BS 7913:1998 Guide to the Principles of the Conservation of Historic Buildings, BSI Standards, London 1998.

[5] Cadinu M., Architettura e tecnologia nelle saline di Cagliari nell’800 e nel ‘900, [in:] Idem, Cagliari. Forma e progetto della città storica, edizioni Cuex, Cagliari 2009, 155−179.

[6] Cadinu M., Il recupero dell’ecosistema orientale di Cagliari tra storia del paesaggio agrario ed archeologia industriale, [in:] V. Biolchin, R. Paracchini, Recupero urbano per la città del duemila. Ricerca ed Ambiente, Demos, Cagliari 1996, pp. 56−64; [in:] Idem, Cagliari. Forma e progetto della città storica, edizioni Cuec, Cagliari 2009, 146−154.

[7] Ratti C., Raydan D., Steemers K., Energy and buildings, Building form and environmental performance: archetypes, analysis and an arid climate. 2003/35. Elsevier, 2003, 49−59.

[8] Fai S., Graham K., Duckworth T., Wood N., Attar R., Building information modelling and Heritage documentation, Proceedings of XXIII International Symposium, International Scientific Committee for Documentation of Cultural Heritage (CIPA), Prague 2011.

[9] Endrich F., Il Nuraghe, La colonia penale di san Bartolomeo e la città di Cagliari. Il Nuraghe, N. XXXVII, Tipografia Industriale, Cagliari 1926, 7−8.

[10] Masala F., Architetture di carta. Progetti per Cagliari (18001945), AM&D, Cagliari 2002.

[11] Spano G., Guida della Città di Cagliari, GIA, Cagliari 1991.