Protecting public spaces against vehicular terrorist attacks

Artur Jasiński

Abstrakt

The recent wave of terrorist attacks, where vehicles are driven into crowds of people, forces us to question the effectiveness of the current antiterrorism security measures in our cities, especially in open public spaces. Vehicular terrorism, a new form of Islamic terrorism, which involves the use of mechanical vehicles as a weapon against civilians, brings new challenges for the police, security agencies and mass event organisers, as well as for designers, architects and planners. This article considers the possibilities, costs and results of implementing actions and security measures that may reduce the risk of vehicular terrorism.

Słowa kluczowe: vehicular terrorism, antiterrorist security, urban fortifications
References


[1] ATG Access Ltd. https://www.atgaccess.com/product/surface-guard-system (access: 20.11.2017).
[2] Berlin lorry attack: what we know, BBC News, http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-38377428 (access: 30.10.2017).
[3] Clarke Collins P., When a Car is a Terror, Can We Prepare for Attacks?, The RANDBLOG, Rand Corporation, 18.08.2017, https://beta.theglobeandmail.com/opinion/when-the-car-is-a-terror-weapon-can-we-prepare-for-attacks/article36027840/?ref=http://www.theglobeandmail.com& (access: 20.11.2017).
[4] Davis Mike, Buda’s Wagon. A Brief History of the Car Bomb, Verso, London-New York 2007.
[5] Gehl Jan, Life Between Buildings. Using Public Space, 1971, Polish edition: Życie między budynkami. Użytkowanie przestrzeni publicznych, Wydawnictwo RAM, Kraków 2009.
[6] Goban-Klas Tomasz, Wartki nurt Mediów. Ku nowym formom społecznego życia informacji, Universitas, Kraków 2011.
[7] Jasiński Artur, Architektura w czasach terroryzmu. Miasto - przestrzeń publiczna - budynek, Wolters Kluwer, Warszawa 2013.
[8] Jenkins Brian Michael, Vehicular Terrorism: Weighing the Benefits, and Worth, of Prevention, The RAND BLOG, Rand Corporation, 5.09.2017, https://www.rand.org/blog/2017/09/vehicular-terrorism-weighing-the-benefits-and-worth.html (access: 30.10.2017).
[9] Warrell, Helen, Westminster attack lasted less than 90 seconds, Financial Times, 25 March 2016.
[10] Vehicular Terrorism. The Threat Behind the Wheel. Corporate Risk Services. Intelligence Bulletin 2017 (access: 30.10.2017).