Plants as natural anti-dust filters – preliminary research

Justyna Mazur

Abstrakt
In urban areas, particulate matter (PM) are the leading cause of air pollution. They can adversely affect human health. One of the solutions to reduce pollution and improve air quality is the use of plants as natural, biological filters which trap the particles on the leaves. Studies on the assimilation capacity of species (Hedera helix, Parthenocissus quinquefolia, Fagus sylvatica) were analyzed. In addition, based on two examples of structures in Krakow, the storage capacity of vines such as Hedera helix and Parthenocissus quinquefolia and Fagus sylvatica tree, for fraction of PM (0.2–2.5 μm; 2.5–10 μm; 10–100 μm) was estimated. Analyses have shown the particular efficacy of creeping vines in PM capture.
Słowa kluczowe: air pollution, PM, green walls, phytoremediation, ecology
References

[1] Przybysz A., Sæbø A., Hanslin H.M., Gawroński S. W., Accumulation of particulate matter and trace elements on vegetation as affected by pollution level, rainfall and the passage of time, Science of the Total Environment 481/2014, 360–369.
[2] Jędrak J., Konduracka E., Badyda J., Dąbrowiecki P., Wpływ zanieczyszczeń powietrza na zdrowie, Krakowski Alarm Smogowy, Kraków 2017.
[3] Dzierżanowski K., Popek R., Gawrońska H., Sæbø A., Gawroński W.S., Deposition of particulate matter of different size fractions on leaf surfaces and in waxes of urban forest species, International Journal of Phytoremediation 13/2011, 1037–1046.
[4] Ottelé M., van Bohemen H.D., Fraaij A.L.A., Quantifying the deposition of particulate matter on climber vegetation on living walls, Ecological Engineering 36/2010, 154–162.
[5] Freer-Smith P.H., Beckett K.P., Taylor G., Deposition velocities to Sorbus aria, Acer campestre, Populus deltoides X trichocarpa ‘Beaupre´’, Pinus nigra and X Cupressocyparis leylandii for coarse, fine and ultra-fine particles in the urban environment, Environmental Pollution 133/2005, 157–167.
[6] Kowalska M., Krzych Ł., The impact of particulate matter and sulphur dioxide on blood pressure – current knowledge, Arterial Hypertension, 11/2007, 435–442.
[7] McDonald A.G., Bealey W.J., Fowler D., Dragosits U., Skiba U., Smith R.I., Donovan G.R., Brett H.E., Hewitt C.N., Nemitz E., Quantifying the effect of urban tree planting on concentrations and depositions of PM10 in two UK conurbations, Atmospheric Environment 41/2007, 8455–8467.
[8] Popek R., Gawrońska H., Wrochna M., Gawroński S.W., Sæbø A., Particulate matter on foliage of 13 woody species: deposition on surfaces and phytostabilisation in waxes – a 3-year study, International Journal of Phytoremediation, 15/2013, 245–256.
[9] Jakubiak M., Urbański K., Urban planning solutions in the context of dispersion of road pollution, Journal of Water and Land Development, 30/2016, 71–80.
[10] Jayasooriya V.M., Ng A.W.M., Muthukumaran S., Perera C.J.B., Green infrastructure practices for improvement of urban air quality, Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 21/2017, 34–47.
[11] Xue F., Li X., The impact of roadside trees on traffic released PM10in urban street canyon: Aerodynamic and deposition effects, Sustainable Cities and Society 30/2017, 195–204.
[12] Weerakkody U., Dover J.W., Mitchell P., Reiling K., Particulate matter pollution capture by leaves of seventeen living wall, species with special reference to rail-traffic at a metropolitan station, Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 27/2017, 173–186.
[13] Sæbø A., Hanslin H.M., Torp T., Lierhagen S., Gawronska H., Dzierzanowski K., Gawronski S., Chemical composition of vegetation along urbanisation gradients in two European cities, Environmental Pollution 198/2015, 116–125.
[14] Sæbø A., Popek R., Nawrot B., Hanslin H.M., Gawronska H., Gawronski S.W., Plant species differences in particulate matter accumulation on leaf surfaces, Science of the Total Environment 427–428/2012, 347–354.
[15] Price A., Jones C.E., Jefferson F., Vertical Greenery Systems as a Strategy in Urban Heat Island Mitigation, Water Air & Soil Pollution 226:247/2015.
[16] Nowak J.D., Crane D.E., Stevens J.C., Air pollution removal by urban trees and shrubs in the United States, Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 4/2006, 115–123.
[17] Łakomy K., Bobek W., The modern systems of construction for climbers – technologies, solution and project problems, plants selection, Technical Transactions, 11/2011, 135–144.
[18] Popek R., Gawrońska H., Gawroński S.W., Zdolność krzewów do akumulacji mikropyłów z powietrza, Nauka Przyroda Technologie, 5:6/2011.
[19] Leśny J., Szoszkiewicz K., Juszczak R., Olejnik J., Serba T., Wskaźnik ulistowienia LAI roślinności drzewiastej I krzewiastej terenów podmokłych, Acta Agrophysica, 9:3/2007, 673–684.
[20] Malczyk T., Zieleń w krajobrazie terenów inwestycyjnych, Oficyna Wydawnicza PWSZ w Nysie, Nysa 2012.
[21] www.maps.google.com [access: 16.02.2018].
[22] http://www.geoxy.pl/pl.lidar_online.html [access: 16.02.2018].