Współpraca Edwarda Schuncka z Leonem Marchlewskim w świetle zachowanej korespondencji

Maria Przybyszewska,

Barbara Wasiewicz,

Ryszard W. Gryglewski


Leon Marchlewski, Edward Schunck and research into chlorophyll

Edward Schunk and Leon Marchlewski were to play a decisive part in the history of research on chemistry of chlorophyll and its derivatives. During only a few-year stay of Marchlewski in the Schunck laboratories in Kersal outside Manchester, a groundbreaking invention in the history of biochemistry took place: the close chemical relationship on the level of chlorophyll derivatives and haemoglobin was revealed. Also then, despite a considerable age difference between them, Schunk, who was at the end of his scientific career and Marchlewski just at the start, they became close friends.
On the basis of the collection of original Schunk’s letters to Marchlewski, written in the years 1889–1902, we tried to reconstruct the character of their relationship in science, con-fronting topics raised in the letters with works published at the time. We sought to establish whether Schunk could have been inspired by research of his Polish colleague and, in turn, if remarks and suggestions of the Englishman could have influenced Marchlewski’s research programme. For better understanding the field of research of both scientists, we also shortly described the state of knowledge on chlorophylls and their derivatives at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries.

Słowa kluczowe: chlorofil, historia biochemii, Leon Marchlewski, Edward Schunck

Baeyer: Ueber die Verbindungen der Indigogruppe, „Berichte der Deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft zu Berlin” t. 16: 1883.

Jan Bielecki: Chemia indyga i rozwój metod technicznych otrzymywania indyga naturalnego i sztucznego, „Chemik Polski” t. 1: 1901 nr 1.

Broda: Zarys botaniki farmaceutycznej, wyd. VI poprawione, PZWL. Warszawa 2002, s. 283.

W.V. Farrar: Edward Schunck, F.R.S. A Pioneer of Natural-Product Chemistry, „Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London” t. 31: 1977 nr 2.

R. W. Gryglewski: Biochemiczna rewolucja, czyli rzecz o Leonie Marchlewskim i Marcelim Nenckim, „Wiadomości Chemiczne” t. 69: 2015 nr 5-6.

J. J. Hazewinkel: Indigo - its hydrolysis and the enzyme causing the same, „Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) Proceedings” t. 2: 1899-1900.

S. Hoogewerff, H. Ter Meulen: Contribution to the knowledge of Indican, „Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW) Proceedings” t. 2: 1899-1900.

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W. Kroszczyński: Krótka historia niektórych wzorów, „Wiadomości Chemiczne” t. 67: 2013, nr 7-8.

L. Marchlewski: The constitution of rubiadinglucoside and rubiadin, „Journal of the Chemical Society Transactions” t. 63: 1893.

L. Marchlewski: Z Chemii Chlorofilu (dokończenie), „Wszechświat” t. 14: 1895, nr 20.

L. Marchlewski: Indygo, „Wszechświat” t. 17: 1898 nr 37.

L. Marchlewski: Z chemii chlorofilu. O filoerytrynie, „Rozprawy Akademii Umiejętności” A. 43: 1903.

L. Marchlewski: Z postępów badań nad barwnikiem krwi i chlorofilem, „Chemik Polski” R. 5: 1905 nr 41.

L. Marchlewski, J. Buraczewski: Studyum nad izatyną, „Rozprawy Akademii Umiejętności” A. 39: 1902.

L. Marchlewski, A. Korczyński: Studyum nad izatyną, „Rozprawy Akademii Umiejętności” A. 42: 1902.

Leon Marchlewski, L. G. Radcliffe: Note on the constitution of indican and some derivatives of indigotin. „Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry” t. 17: 1898 nr 5.

Leon Marchlewski, L. G. Radcliffe: Zur Kentniss des Indigotins. „Journal für practische Chemie” t. 58: 1898 nr 1.

W. Ostrowski: Leon Marchlewski (1869-1946), „Folia Biologica” t. 14: 1966 nr 4.

W. J. Russell, W. Lapraik: A spectroscopic study of chlorophyll, „Journal of the Chemical Society, Transactions” t. 41: 1882.

M. Sarnecka-Keller, J. Hulewicz: Marchlewski Leon Paweł, PSB t. 17: 1974.

E. Schunck: On Rubian and Its Products of Decomposition, „Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society”, t. 143: 1853.

E. Schunck: XXXIV. On the occurrence of indigo-blue in urine, „The London, Edinburgh, and Dublin Philosophical Magazine and Journal of Science”, t. 14: 1857.

E. Schunck: On Indigo-blue from Polygonum tinctorium and other Plants, „Chemical News” t. 39: 1879.

E. Schunck: Note on modified Chlorophyll from the leaves of Eucalyptus globulus, „Proceedings of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society” t. 19: 1880.

Edward Schunck: Contributions to the Chemistry of Chlorophyll, „Proceedings of the Royal Society of London” t. 39: 1885.

E. Schunck: Conributions to the chemistry of chlorophyl. No III, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London t. 44: 1888.

E. Schunck: Notes on some ancient dyes. “Memoirs andProceedings of the Manchester Literary and Philosophical Society” t. 5: 1892 Seria 4.

E. Schunck: Recent researches on Indican, „Chemical News” t. 82: 1900.

E. Schunck: Contributions to the Chemistry of Chlorophyll. No. VIII. Changes undergone by Chlorophyll in passing through the Bodies of Animals, „Proceedings of the Royal Society of London” t. 69: 1902.

E. Schunck, H. Römer: Ueber die Zersetzung des Pflanzenindicans bei Abschlus der Luft, „Berichte der Deutschen chemischen Gesellschaft” t. 12: 1879.

E. Schunck, L. Marchlewski: Contributions to the Chemistry of Chlorophyll; No. VII. Phylloporphyrin and Haematoporfyrin: Comparision, „Proceedings of the Royal Society of London” t. 94: 1895.

Ignacy Z. Siemion, Notatki Chaotyczne, „Wiadomości Chemiczne” t. 57: 2004 nr 7-8.

F. E. Sheibley: Carl Julius Fritzsche and the discovery of anthranilic acid, 1841, „Journal of Chemical Education” t. 20: 1943 nr 3.

Bolesław Skarżyński, Leon Marchlewski (1869-1946), [w:] „Sześćsetlecie medycyny krakowskiej” pod red. L. Tochowicza, Kraków 1963, t. 1.

Zbiory specjalne KHM UJ CM/Teczka prof. L. Marchlewskiego.