Oktant morski Isaaca Newtona

Jacek Rodzeń


Isaac Newton’s Marine Octant

Isaac Newton is known primarily as an outstanding mathematician and physicist. Less known are his interests in alchemy, theology, and history. Yet, we still know very little about his interest in engineering and about how he designed and created several scientific instruments (e.g. a variant of the reflecting telescope, a variant of the rotary slide rule). Among them, there is also a navigational octant built by Newton in 1699. This device is an example of an ingenious solution in the field of early modern catadioptrical instruments.

Słowa kluczowe: Isaac Newton, oktant, przyrządy nawigacyjne w XVII wieku

Źródła archiwalne

Cambridge University Library, Cambridge, UK, Papers on Finding the Longitude at Sea [1697–1725]:

sygn. MS Add. 3972, cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/view/MS-ADD-03972/1, [dostęp 14.10.2019];

sygn. MS Add. 4005, cudl.lib.cam.ac.uk/view/MS-ADD-04005/131, [dostęp 14.10.2019].

King’s College, Cambridge, UK, Keynes [Keynes Collection], sygn. MS 130.07.

Royal Society Archive, London, Sir Hans Sloane’s Minutes Books of the Royal Society Meetings, 1699–1702, sygn. MS 577, ttp.royalsociety.org/ttp/ttp.html?id=dff3463f-0894--43ba-bfe4-f994ce7989a4&type=book [dostęp 14.10.2019].

The Newton Project, red. Rob Iliffe; Scott Mandelbrote, Faculty of History, Oxford, UK, www.newtonproject.ox.ac.uk [dostęp 14.10.2019].

Źródła drukowane

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Fatio de Duillier N., Lineae brevissimi descensus investigate geometrica duplex, Londini 1699.

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Sprat T., The History of the Royal Society of London, for the Improving of Natural Knowledge, London 1667.

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The Correspondence of Isaac Newton, vol. 7, 1718–1727, wyd. A.R. Hall, L. Tilling, Cambridge 1977.

The Mathematical Papers of Sir Isaac Newton, t. 7, 1691–1695, wyd. D.T. Whiteside, Cambridge 2008.

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