Tomasz Kucharski, Instytucja egzorbitancji w systemie prawnoustrojowym Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodów, Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika, Toruń 2014, 342 ss.

Kacper Górski

Abstrakt

Tomasz Kucharski, The Institution of Egzorbitancje in the Political System of the Polish-
-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Mikołaj Kopernik University Press, Toruń 2014, 342 p.


Tomasz Kucharski, of the Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, is the author of a monograph titled The Institution of Egzorbitancje in the Political System of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The subject of his research concerned the years 1573–1795. According to Kucharski’s definition, egzorbitancje (which could be literally translated as “contraventions” or “transgressions”) were charges, made by noblemen in public, against the Sejm’s and executive or judicative bodies’ activities or inactivities. Those charges concerned infringements of both individual and collective rights of noblemen. A deep and thorough analysis of the term egzorbitancje, including its definition and synonyms, is found in the first chapter, where the historical development of egzorbitancje was also considered. The next part of the monograph was devoted to legislative acts (constitutions) concerning egzorbitancje. Kucharski presented their characteristics and their legal status in the legislative activity of the Sejm. The movement of the noble proponents of egzorbitancje was compared to its equivalent from the 16th century (the executionist movement). Regarding the last chapter, the most thought-provoking question that could be found there concerned the government audit system of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. According to Kucharski, the central position in the system was occupied by the Sejm. The key objective of the audit was to prevent the rule of law from being violated.

 

Słowa kluczowe: Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, legal history, constitutional history, Sejm, egzorbitancje, constitutions concerning egzorbitancje, legislation, legislative process, sources of law, rule of law, Cardinal Laws, government audit.

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