«Точки» и «запятые» в структуре ситуации: абсолютный и относительный предел и средства их выражения (аспектуальные характеристики и падеж прямого дополнения)

Oksana Yurievna (Оксана Юрьевна) Chuikova (Чуйкова)

Abstrakt

The paper deals with some features of the event structure that influence its formal expression and determine the wider context of a clause. The notion of relative/absolute boundedness is used to indicate the exhaustiveness of the event. The relative boundedness is a feature that makes it possible to use the genitive partitive case as the direct object. Within such perfective verbs as vypit’ ‘drink.PF’ and sjest’ ‘eat.PF’, the nominal case determines the interpretation of a verbal phrase: the accusative indicates the absolute boundedness while use of the genitive results in the relative boundedness. As for degree achievements, delimitative Aktionsart and semelfactive Aktionsart, it is the verb that determines the interpretation of a verbal phrase. What all the examined cases have in common is that the use of the genitive as the direct object marker indicates the relative boundedness (partial resultativeness): the object of the event is a part of the cumulative object of a wider (actual or ideal) situation.

Słowa kluczowe: русский язык, структура ситуации, широкий контекст, накопитель эффекта, абсолютный и относительный предел ситуации, градационные глаголы, делимитативный способ действия, семельфактивный способ действия
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