Family digital well-being: The prospect of implementing media technology management strategies in Polish homes

Katarzyna Kopecka-Piech

Abstrakt

The article determines whether media technology management strategies are being implemented in the homes of Polish families, and what effects they may have. A total of 94 families were examined through four research methods: in-depth interviews with all family members, family diary protocols, individual interviews, and an online questionnaire survey of family representatives. The families were placed into four categories according to their attitude to technology management and daily practices: unconscious and passive, conscious and passive, conscious and ineffective, and conscious and effective. Four main types of media technology management strategies were considered: technology oriented, media content oriented, time oriented, and usage mode oriented. Most surveyed families do not manage to achieve high digital well-being due to a lack of awareness and/or willingness to manage technologies at home, or the ineffectiveness of attempts to reduce them. Conscious and effective families, being minority, consistently pursue diverse and mixed media management strategies.

Keywords: family well-being, digital well-being, mediatization of family life, media management strategies, children and media.


Rodzinny dobrostan cyfrowy: perspektywy wdrażania strategii zarządzania technologiami medialnymi w polskich domach

W artykule określono, czy w domach polskich rodzin są wdrażane strategie zarządzania technologiami medialnymi i jakie niesie to skutki. Na potrzeby projektu przebadano 94 rodziny, stosując cztery metody badawcze: wywiady pogłębione ze wszystkimi członkami rodziny, dzienniczki rodzinne, indywidualne wywiady indywidualne oraz internetowe badanie kwestionariuszowe. Wyodrębniono cztery kategorie rodzin w zależności od ich stosunku do zarządzania technologią i codziennych praktyk: nieświadome i pasywne, świadome i pasywne, świadome i nieskuteczne oraz świadome i skuteczne. Uwzględniono cztery główne typy strategii zarządzania technologiami medialnymi: zorientowane na technologię, zorientowane na treść mediów, zorientowane na czas użycia i zorientowane na sposób użycia. Większości badanych rodzin nie udaje się osiągnąć wysokiego dobrostanu cyfrowego ze względu na brak świadomości i/lub chęci zarządzania technologiami w domu lub nieskuteczność podejmowanych prób ich ograniczenia. Świadome i efektywne rodziny, stanowiące mniejszość, konsekwentnie stosują zróżnicowane i mieszane strategie zarządzania mediami. .

Słowa kluczowe: dobrostan rodziny, dobrostan cyfrowy, mediatyzacja życia rodzinnego, strategie zarządzania mediami, dzieci i media
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