Szachy w edukacji szkolnej – sposób na poprawę kompetencji i umiejętności przydatnych w szkole i w życiu

Natalia Józefacka-Szram,

Dawid Marszałek


Chess playing in education as a way of improving social skills needed in school and everyday life

Chess are one of the most popular games in the world. Chess players often spend thousands of hours to practice for the championship. In turn, for scientists, especially for cognitive psychologists, chess is as the fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster) is for genetics. Scientists have proved that a high IQ is not necessary to achieve mastery or even a high performance in chess. This makes the game accessible for everyone and we believe that it should be recommended particularly for children with a risk of school failure. It turns out, that knowledge acquired while learning and chess playing could improve skills useful both in school or in everyday life. The article consists of three parts. The first one describes chess from cultural, political, and scientific research perspective. Then we will discuss the process that leads to taking part in a championship and the various social and cognitive abilities that can be acquired when playing chess. The last part describes the transfer of knowledge and skills concerning chess that occurs among school  hildren with special educational needs.

Słowa kluczowe: szachy, rozwój poznawczy, dzieci z grup ryzyka

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