Formal and legal basis for the participation of the Maritime Border Guard Regional Unit in counteracting non-military emergency situations in Polish maritime areas

Marek Ilnicki

Abstrakt

Polish maritime areas - both those forming part of the territory of the Republic of Poland and those located outside it - are covered by appropriate state jurisdiction ensuring that Polish interests in these waters are taken care of. The subject-matter diversity of legally protected values requires systemic action by competent entities. The security of Polish maritime areas in military (defence) as well as non-military (protection) terms at the national level is guaranteed by the naval forces of the Republic of Poland. The aim of this article is to present the role of the Maritime Border Guard Regional Unit (MOSG) - against the background of systemic solutions and existing threats - in counteracting non-military emergency situations in Polish maritime areas. As a result of the conducted research it should be assumed that the scope of statutory tasks and powers in combination with the personnel and equipment potential of the MOSG makes this unit of the Border Guard the main non-military component of the maritime forces of the Republic of Poland.

Słowa kluczowe: maritime safety, maritime forces of the Republic of Poland, national maritime border protection system
References

Goryński G., MOSG na drodze do Unii Europejskiej (Eng. MOSG on its way to the European Union), “Przegląd Morski” 2003, no. 10, pp. 5–24.

Ilnicki M., Służby graniczne w walce z terroryzmem. Polskie warunki ustrojowo-prawne (Eng. Border services in the fight against terrorism. Polish political and legal conditions), Toruń 2011.

Ilnicki M., Wykorzystanie potencjału ochronnego państwa na rzecz bezpieczeństwa polskich obszarow morskich (Eng. Exploiting the protective potential of the state for the safety of Polish maritime areas), in: Edukacja dla bezpieczeństwa. Paradygmaty kultury bezpieczeństwa (Eng. Education for security. Paradigms of safety culture), A. Lymar, M. Ilnicki (eds.), Poznań 2016, pp. 185–194.

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Strategiczna Koncepcja Bezpieczeństwa Morskiego RP (Eng. Strategic Concept for the Maritime Security of the Republic of Poland), Warszawa–Gdynia 2017.

Straż Graniczna. Informacja statystyczna za I kwartał 2022 r. (Eng. Border Guard. Statistical information for Q1 2022.), Warszawa, April 2022.

 

Internet sources

www.morski.strazgraniczna.pl/mor/ [accessed: 20 VI 2022].

 

Legal acts

Agreement between the Government of the People’s Republic of Poland and the Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on legal relations on the Polish-Soviet state border and cooperation and mutual assistance in border issues, signed in Moscow on 15 February 1961 (Journal of Laws of 1961, no. 47, item 253).

Regulation (EU) 2019/1896 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 November 2019 on the European Border and Coast Guard and repealing Regulationś (EU) No 1052/2013 and (EU) 2016/1624 (Official Journal of the EU L 295/1 of 14 November 2019).

Act of 16 November 2016 on the National Revenue Administration (i.e. Journal of Laws of 2022, item 813, as amended).

Act of 10 June 2016 on anti-terrorist activities (i.e. Journal of Laws of 2022, item 2632).

Act of 19 December 2014 on maritime fisheries (i.e. Journal of Laws of 2022, item 540, as amended).

Act of 18 August 2011 on maritime safety (i.e. Journal of Laws of 2022, item 515, as amended).

Act of 4 September 2008 on the protection of shipping and sea ports (i.e. Journal of Laws of 2022, item 2257).

Act of 26 April 2007 on crisis management (i.e. Journal of Laws of 2023, item 122).

Act of 29 August 2002 on martial law and on the competences of the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces and the principles of his subordination to the constitutional bodies of the Republic of Poland (Journal of Laws of 2022, item 2091).

Act of 21 June 2002 on the state of emergency (i.e. Journal of Laws of 2017, item 1928).

Act of 18 April 2002 on the state of natural disaster (i.e. Journal of Laws of 2017, item 1897).

Act of 21 March 1991 on maritime areas of the Republic of Poland and maritime administration (Journal of Laws of 2022, item 457, as amended).

Act of 12 October 1990 on the protection of the state border (i.e. Journal of Laws of 2022, item 295).

Act of 12 October 1990 on the Border Guard (i.e. Journal of Laws of 2022, item 1061, as amended).

Ordinance of the Council of Ministers of 22 February 2017 on the performance of certain activities by officers of the Customs and Fiscal Service and cooperation of the Customs and Fiscal Service with the Police and the Border Guard (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 386).

Ordinance of the Minister of Internal Affairs of 18 April 2014 on offences for which Border Guard officers are entitled to impose fines by way of a penalty ticket (i.e. Journal of Laws of 2020, item 1437).

Ordinance of the Minister of Finance of 31 March 2010 on the authorisation of other government administration bodies to perform certain tasks of customs authorities (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 1963).

Ordinance of the Minister of Internal Affairs and Administration of 13 August 2008 on the manner of determining the territorial range of border crossings (Journal of Laws of 2018, item 952).

Ordinance of the Minister of Internal Affairs and Administration of 29 December 2004 on detailed principles of cooperation between the Border Guard and the Air Force and the Navy of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland in the field of state border protection (i.e. Journal of Laws of 2020, item 1212).

Ordinance of the Council of Ministers of 18 June 2001 on the determination of sea and fixed air border crossings and the type of traffic permitted through these crossings (i.e. Journal of Laws of 2015, item 1534).

Ordinance of the Minister of Transport and Maritime Economy of 20 August 1999 on cooperation of maritime offices with the Navy and the Border Guard (Journal of Laws 1999, no. 75, item 850).

Notice of the Minister of Internal Affairs and Administration of 26 June 2020 on the announcement of the consolidated text of the Ordinance of the Minister of Internal Affairs and Administration on detailed principles of cooperation between the Border Guard and the Air Force and the Navy of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Poland in the field of state border protection (Journals of Laws of 2020, item 1212).

Notice of the Minister of Development and Finance of 4 October 2017 on the announcement of the consolidated text of the Ordinance of the Minister of Finance on the authorisation of other government administrative bodies to perform certain tasks of customs authorities (Journal of Laws of 2017, item 1963).