For Whom is the Independent Nation State? Subhas Chandra Bose’s Views in the 1920s and 1930s

Marek Moroń


Subhas Chandra Bose is one of the great personalities of the Indian independence struggle.Yet his name is not well known outside of India. In fact he was a devoted promotor the fight for freedom without either begging for it or negotiating. In this paper the thoughts of Subhas Chandra Bose on the nation state and freedom in the 20-ties and 30- ties of ⅩⅩ century are presented. The process and methods of pursuing freedom for India was not a Gandhian monolith. In such a context, the views of Bose are presented and to a large extend supported by quotations from his speeches and the opinions of Indian academics. The author provides material as a result of his research visit in December 2014 to the Netaji Research Bureau and Department of History of The University of Calcutta. Both institutions are in Kolkata.

Słowa kluczowe: Subhas Chandra Bose, nation state, free mind, independent India

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